Feb 23, 2013

Salonica in the Age of Ports

with Sotiris Dimitriadis

hosted by Chris Gratien and Nir Shafir

Following the First World War, Eastern Mediterranean port cities lost much of their cosmopolitan character with the rise of nationalism. Given the violent and disruptive nature of this change, it is natural that these multicultural spaces are remembered with a great deal of nostalgia. However, the cosmopolitan nature of the port was also the product of a certain historical context in which Mediterranean ports became important spaces of contact, conflict, and social change. In this episode, Sotiris Dimitriadis reconstructs this historical context and explains the ways in which the urban space of Salonica (in modern-day Greece) was refashioned as part of the economic and social transformation of the Ottoman Empire during the Tanzimat period.

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Stream via Hipcast (Turkey / Türkiye)

Sotiris Dimitriadis is a PhD candidate at SOAS in London focusing on urban space in the nineteeth-century Mediterranean
Nir Shafir is a PhD candidate at UCLA focusing on history of science and intellectual history of the Ottoman Empire (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate studying the history of the modern Middle East at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)

Episode No. 94
Release Date: 23 February 2013
Location: Feriköy, Istanbul
Editing and Production: Chris Gratien
Images and bibliography courtesy of Sotiris Dimitriadis (see below)

This episode is part of our series on Urban Space in the Ottoman World

Select Bibliography

Salonique 1850-1918: La ‘Ville des Juifs’ et le Reveil des Balkans, ed. Gilles Venstein (Paris: Autrement, 1992)

Alexandra Yerolympos, Urban Transformations in the Balkans (1820-1920) (Thessaloniki: University Studio Press, 1996)

Meropi Anastassiadou, Salonique: Une Ville Ottomane à l'Âge des Réformes (Leiden: Brill, 1997)

Mark Mazower, Salonica, City of Ghosts: Christians, Muslims and Jews (London: Harper Collins, 2004)

Çağlar Keyder, Y. Eyüp Özveren, and Donald Quataert, “Port Cities in the Ottoman Empire: Some Theoretical and Historical Perspectives” in Review, a Journal of Fernand Braudel Center, XVI, 4 (Fall 1993), pp. 519-558

Jens Hanssen, Fin de Siecle Beirut: the making of an Ottoman provincial capital (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2003)

Malte Fuhrmann and Vangelis Kechriotis, "The late Ottoman port-cities and their inhabitants: subjectivity, urbanity, and conflicting orders" in Mediterranean Historical Review, 24,2 (December 2009), 71-78

Sibel Zandi-Sayek, Ottoman Izmir: The Rise of a Cosmopolitan Port, 1840-1880 (Minneapolis and London: University of Minessota Press, 2012)


Villa Allatinin (Source: Municipality of Thessaloniki, Digitalisation of Cultural Documents)

Jewish Cemetery of Salonica (Source: Municipality of Thessaloniki, Digitalisation of Cultural Documents)

Map of Salonica Train Station (Source: Ottoman Archives)

The "Konak," Government House in Ottoman Salonica

Sultan Mehmed Reşad V at Aya Sofia in Salonica

Le Progress de Salonique, July 25, 1908

Feb 15, 2013

Tedirgin Anadolu | Taylan Akyıldırım

93.    Celali İsyanları ve Anadolu'da Büyük Kaçgun
Ottoman Sipahis
Germany, 16th Centur

Osmanlı tarihçileri uzun bir zamandır 17. yüzyılın krizlerle dolu ilk yarısında klasik Osmanlı kurumlarının geçirdiği büyük dönüşümlere odaklanmaktadır. Bu podcastımızda Taylan Akyıldırım le Anadolu’yu tamamen etkisi altına alıp önemli siyasi, iktisadi ve toplumsal etkiler yaratan Celali İsyanları üzerine konuştuk. Küçük Buz Çağı, Fiyat Devrimi, Osmanlı gerilemesi, Askeri Devrim gibi paradigmalar çerçevesinde bu isyanların nedenleri ve sonuçları üzerinde durmaya çalıştık.

Ottoman historians have long focused on the radical transformation of classical Ottoman institutions during the first half of the seventeenth century. In this podcast, Taylan Akyıldırım discusses the political, economic and social effects of the Celali Revolts that dominated the entire Anatolian countryside. He tries to underline the reasons for and consequences of these revolts within the frameworks of paradigms such as the Little Ice Age, the Price Revolution, Ottoman Decline and the Military Revolution. Note: the podcast is in Turkish.


Konya ve Larende yöresinde Celali İsyanları'nın etkileri üzerine doktorasını hazırlayan Taylan Akyıldırım Mimar Sinan Üniversitesi Tarih Bölümü'nde doktora çalışmalarında bulunmaktadır
Yeniçağ Akdeniz ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu üzerine uzmanlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi Tarih Bölümü'nde ders vermektedir (see academia.edu)
Yakınçağ Orta Doğu Tarihi çalışan Chris Gratien Georgetown Üniversitesi'nde doktora yapmaktadır (academia.edu)


Akdağ, Mustafa,  Türk Halkının Dirlik ve Düzenlik Kavgası Celâlî İsyanları, YKY, İstanbul 2009
Barkan, Ömer Lütfi, “Tarihi Demografi Araştırmaları ve Osmanlı Tarihi”, Türkiyat Mecmuası 10 (1951-53), s.1-27

Cipolla, Carlo M., The Economic History of World Population, Penguin Books, Baltimore 1970

Cook, Michael, Population Pressure in Rural Anatolia,1450-1600, London: Oxford University Press, 1972

Faroqhi, Suraiya, “Krizler ve Değişim,1590-1699”, Halil İnalcık-Donald Quataert (ed.), Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nun Ekonomik ve Sosyal Tarihi, cilt 2, s. 543-759

Goldstone, Jack, Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World, University of California Press, Berkeley 1991

Griswold, William, Anadolu’da Büyük İsyan 1591-1611, çev. Ülkün Tansel, Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, İstanbul 2000

İnalcık, Halil, “Military and Fiscal Transformation in the Ottoman Empire, 1600-1700”, Archivum Ottomanicum 6 (1980), s.283-337

İslamoğlu-İnan, Huri, State and Peasant in the Ottoman Empire: Agrarian Power Relations and Regional Economic Development in Ottoman Anatolia during the Sixteenth Century, Leiden: E.J.Brill, 1994

Kuniholm, Peter, “Archeological Evidence and Non-Evidence for Climatic Change”, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A330, s.645-655

McGowan, Bruce, Economic Life in Ottoman Europe: Taxation, Trade, and Struggle for Land, 1600-1800, Cambridge University Press, 1981

Özel, Oktay, “Population Changes in Ottoman Anatolia during the 16th and 17th
Centuries: the Demographic Crisis‟ Reconsidered,”  International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 36 (2004), s. 183-205

Özel, Oktay, “Banditry, State and Economy: On the Financial Impact of the Celâli
Movement in Ottoman Anatolia” Halil İnalcık and Oktay Özel (ed.), IXth Congress of Economic and Social History of Turkey, Dubrovnik, 20-23 August 2001 (Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2005), s. 65-74.

Özel, Oktay, “The Reign of Violence: The Celâlis (c.1550-1700)”, in Christine Woodhead (ed.), The Ottoman World, London and New York: Routledge

Özel, Oktay, “17. Yüzyıl Osmanlı Demografi ve İskan Tarihi İçin Önemli Bir Kaynak: 'Mufassal' Avârız Defterleri,” XII. Türk Tarih Kongresi, Ankara, 12-16 Eylül 1994, Kongreye Sunulan Bildiriler, III , TTK Basımevi, Ankara 1999), s. 735-744.

Parker, Geoffrey, Europe in Crises, 1598-1648, London: Fontana History of Europe, 1990
Tezcan, Baki, The Second Ottoman Empire Political and Social Transformation in the Early Modern World,  Cambridge University Press, 2010

Todorova, Maria, “Was There a Demographic Crisis in the Ottoman Empire in the Seventeenth Century?” Etudes Balkaniques 2 (1988),  s.55-63

Feb 7, 2013

Mapping Ottoman History | Nick Danforth & Timur Hammond

Maps are as useful as they are problematic. They not only represent spaces in a particular way but also shape the way people interact with those spaces. In this episode, Timur Hammond discusses trends in scholarly approaches to cartography over the past decades as Nick Danforth and Chris Gratien unveil the new website the Afternoon Map, a collection of provocative and useful maps related to Ottoman and modern Turkish history.

Stream/Download via Soundcloud (US / preferred)

Nicholas Danforth is a PhD candidate studying the history of modern Turkey at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)
Timur Hammond is a PhD candidate in the Geography department at UCLA studying the social and cultural geography of modern Turkey
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate studying the history of the modern Middle East at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)

Episode No. 92
Release date: 7 February 2013
Location: Feriköy, Istanbul
Editing and production by Chris Gratien
Bibliography courtesy of Timur Hammond

Citation: "Geography and Mapping Ottoman/Turkish History," Nicholas Danforth, Timur Hammond, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 92 (February 8, 2013) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2013/02/maps-ottoman-empire-turkey-middle-east.html

Maps mentioned in this episode include:

Marmara Canal
Plans for Soviet Invasion
What the Greeks Destroyed
Cihannuma Map of Bosphorus
Ottoman Map of North America
Tourist Map of Beirut
Illustrated Economy of Turkey

Note for the listener: This podcast is based in part on primary source research. It also makes use of publicly available information and draws from the following works below, which are also mentioned during the course of the episode. For the purposes of academic citation, we encourage you to consult these works. 


Casey, Edward S. Representing Place: Landscape Paintings and Maps. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.
Cosgrove, Denis. Geography and Vision: Seeing, Imagining and Representing the World. New York: I.B. Tauris & Co., 2008.
–––, ed. Mappings. London: Reaktion Books, 1999.
Harley, J.B.. The New Nature of Maps: Essays in the History of Cartography. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.
Harley, J.B. and David Woodward, eds. The History of Cartography, 3 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
Karamustafa, Ahmet T. “Introduction to Ottoman Cartography” and “Military, Administrative, and Scholarly Maps and Plans,” The History of Cartography, eds. Harley and Woodward, vol. 2. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Feb 1, 2013

Translating Pamuk | Bernt Brendemoen

91.     Turkish Literature in Translation

from Orhan Pamuk's Museum of Innocence, Istanbul
Source: Hürriyet Daily News
Orhan Pamuk is easily the most well-known Turkish novelist outside of Turkey, and his works have been translated into dozens of languages. In this episode, linguist Bernt Brendemoen, who has translated a number of Pamuk's works into Norweigian, shares some of his experiences from working with the author and other translators and some thoughts on the message of Pamuk's literature and new museum based on the novel Museum of Innocence (Masumiyet Müzesi).


Bernt Brendemoen is a Professor of Turkology at the University of Oslo in Norway (see faculty page)
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate studying the history of the modern Middle East at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)

Citation: "Translating Pamuk," Bernt Brendemoen and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 91 (February 1, 2013) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2012/12/orhan-pamuk-translation-museum-of-innocence.html.