Mar 30, 2013

Approaching Lebanese History

with Graham Pitts

hosted by Chris Gratien

Even when writing the history of a particular geographical space, historians often find themselves circling the globe in search of new source material for research. This may be especially true for historians of Lebanon, whose archival sources are spread throughout various libraries in Lebanon, the Middle East and the West. In this episode, Graham Pitts shares his own research experience and discusses some of the different sources and archives available to scholars working on the history of modern Lebanon.

Mar 24, 2013

Prostitution in the Eastern Mediterranean

with Gary Leiser

hosted by Emrah Safa Gürkan, Kahraman Şakul, and Louis Fishman

This episode is part of a series on Women, Gender, and Sex in Ottoman history

Download the series
Podcast Feed | iTunes | Soundcloud

The image of prostitution as humanity's "oldest profession" often obscures the fact that this phenomenon has carried different social meaning and economic value across time and space. In this episode, Dr. Gary Leiser explores social understandings of prostitution in the Eastern Mediterranean between various political and legal frameworks during the medieval period.


Gary Leiser is a retired civil servant whose work focuses on medieval Islamic history. 

Emrah Safa Gürkan is an Assistant Professor at İstanbul 29 Mayıs University. His work focuses on early modern Mediterranean and Ottoman History. (see academia.edu)

Kahraman Şakul is an Assistant Professor of History at İstanbul Şehir University focusing on Ottoman military history. (see academia.edu)

Louis Fishman is an Assistant Professor of History at CUNY-Brooklyn College studying Palestinian and Israeli history during the late Ottoman Period. (see faculty page)

Episode No. 98
Release date: 25 March 2013
Location: Istanbul Şehir University
Editing and Production by Chris Gratien

Bibliography courtesy of Gary Leiser

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Stavroula Leontsini, Die Prostitution im früher Byzanz (Vienna: Verband der wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaften Österreichs, 1989)

al-Maqrīzī, al-Mawāʿiẓ wa ʾl-iʿtibār bi-dhikr al-khiṭaṭ wa ʾl-āthār, (Cairo: Būlāq, 1853-54), 2 vols.

James Brundage, “Prostitution, Miscegenation and Sexual Purity in the First Crusade,” in Crusade and Settlement, edited by Peter W. Edbury, pp. 57-65 (Cardiff: University College Cardiff Pr., 1985).

Bernadette Martel-Thoumian, “Plaisirs illicites et châtiments dans les sources mamloukes fin ixe/xve – début xe/xvie siècle,” Annales Islamologiques, 39 (2005): 275-323.

Mark D. Meyerson, “Prostitution of Muslim Women in the Kingdom of Valencia: Religious and Sexual Discrimination in a Medieval Plural Society,” in The Medieval Mediterranean: Cross-cultural Contacts, edited by Marilyn J. Chiat and Kathryn Reyerson, pp. 87-95 (St. Cloud, MN:  North Star Press, 1988).

Aḥmad ʿAbd ar-Rāziq (ed.), La Femme au temps des Mamlouks en Égypte (Cairo: Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale, 1973).

“Bighāʾ,” Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd edition, Supplement

Abdelwahab Bouhdiba, La Sexualité en Islam, 2nd ed. (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1979).


Mar 20, 2013

19. yüzyıl Türk Edebiyatı'nda Müzik | Melda Üner

97.    Ottoman Writers and European Classical Music

Advertisement for opera
performance at Naum Theatre in
Pera, Istanbul (1833)
Osmanlı toplumunun yaşamının hızla değiştiği bir dönem olan 19. yüzyılda sanat alanında da birçok yenilikler ortaya çıktı. Bu podcastın birinci bölümünde Doç. Dr. Melda Üner ile batılılaşma ve modernleşme paradigmaları çerçevesinde 19. yüzyıl Türk Edebiyatı’nda müzik ögesinin nasıl kullanıldığını konuşacağız. Dönemin bir çok edebi eseri üzerinde yoğunlaşarak Tanzimat ve Servet-i Fünûn gibi iki ayrı edebi dönemde Osmanlı aydınının batılılaşma ve modernleşme karşısındaki tavırlarını ve “Doğu” ile “Batı” arasındaki tercihlerini tartışacağız. Podcastımızın ikinci kısmında, Emrah Safa Gürkan Osmanlı edebiyatı'nda bahsi geçen klasik müzik eserlerini içeren ve Melda Üner, Murat Özkoyuncu ve Chris Gratien tarafından hazırlanan mixtape'imizi sunuyor. 

The nineteenth century not only radically transformed daily life in Ottoman society but also introduced new artistic styles. In part one of this podcast, Assoc. Prof. Melda Üner examines the element of music in nineteenth-century Turkish literature along the paradigms of westernization and modernization. Exploring a number of contemporary works, she focuses on Ottoman intellectuals’ attitudes towards westernization and modernization and demonstrates how they took sides between “East” and “West” in two different literary periods: the Tanzimat and Servet-i Fünûn. In the second part of the podcast, Emrah Safah Gürkan presents a mixtape organized by Melda Üner, Murat Özkoyuncu, and Chris Gratien displaying examples of European classical music referenced in Ottoman literature (podcast is in Turkish).

1. Bölüm   19. yüzyıl Türk Edebiyatı'nda Müzik: Melda Üner ile bir görüşme

MP3 File
iTunes

2. Bölüm    Osmanlı Romanlarından Klasik Batı Müziği Seçmeleri

MP3 File
iTunes

Tanzimat Dönemi'nden günümüze Türk Edebiyatı üzerine uzmanlaşan Doç. Dr. Melda Üner başkan yardımcılığı görevini de üstlendiği Yeditepe Üniversitesi Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Bölümünde ders vermektedir. (bkz. academia.edu)
Yeniçağ Akdeniz Tarihi ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu üzerine uzmanlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan İstanbul 29 Mayıs Üniversitesi'nde ders vermektedir. (bkz. academia.edu)
Dr. Murat Özkoyuncu Andante Dergisi Yazar ve Eleştirmenidir (bkz. Andante)
Yakınçağ Orta Doğu Tarihi çalışan Chris Gratien Georgetown Üniversitesi'nde doktora yapmaktadır (bkz. academia.edu)


SEÇME KAYNAKÇA


İnceleme Kitapları:
Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, XIX. Asır Türk Edebiyatı Tarihi, Yay.Haz. Abdullah Uçman (İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları, İstanbul 2006)
Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Edebiyat Üzerine Makaleler, Haz.: Zeynep Kerman (İstanbul: Dergâh Yayınları, 1992).
Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, XIX. Asır Türk Edebiyatı Tarihi (İstanbul: Çağlayan Kitabevi, 1967).
Halid Ziya Uşaklıgil, Sanata Dair II (İstanbul: Hilmi Kitabevi, 1938).
Halid Ziya, Kırk Yıl III, (İstanbul: Cumhuriyet Gazetesi ve Matbaası, 1936). 
Ayşe Melda Üner, Roman ve Musiki (İstanbul: Simurg Kitapçılık, 2006).

Romanlar:
Ahmet Midhat Efendi, Felâtun Bey ve Rakım Efendi, Haz.: Necat Birinci (Ankara: Atatürk Kültür , Dil ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu, Türk Dil Kurumu Yayınları, Ankara 2000).
Ahmet Midhat Efendi, Müşahedat, Haz.: Necat Birinci (Ankara: Atatürk Kültür , Dil ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu, Türk Dil Kurumu Yayınları, 2000). 
Ahmet Midhat Efendi, Jön Türk, Haz.: Dr. Osman Gündüz (Ankara: Akçağ Basım Yayım Pazarlama A.Ş., 1999).
 Recaizade Mahmut Ekrem, Araba Sevdası, Haz. İsmail Parlatır, Nurullah Çetin ve Hakan Sazyek (İstanbul: Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Yayınları , 1997).
Mizancı Murat, Turfanda mı Yoksa Turfa Mı? (Ankara: Akçağ Yayınları, 1999).
Sami Paşazade Sezai, Sergüzeşt (İstanbul: Sahip ve Naşiri Kütüphane-i Sudî, İstanbul Bab-ı Âli Caddesi, Orhaniye Matbaası, 1924).
Nabizade Nazım, Zehra (Ankara: Akçağ Yayınları, 1997).
Fatma Aliye Hanım, Udî, (Dersaâdet: İkdam Matbaası, 1315/1899).
Halid Ziya Uşaklıgil, Mai ve Siyah, Haz.: Enfel Doğan (İstanbul: Özgür Yayınları, 2007).
Halid Ziya Uşaklıgil, Aşk-ı Memnu, Haz.: Muharrem Kaya (İstanbul: Özgür Yayınları, 2003).
Halid Ziya Uşaklıgil, Nesl-i Ahir, Haz.: Alev Sınar Uğurlu (İstanbul: Özgür Yayınları, 2009).
Mehmet Rauf, Eylül, Haz.: Metin Martı (İstanbul: Arma Yayınları, 1998).

Müzik:

Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy
Concerto per violino e orchestra in Mi minore op. 64
Le roi plaintif qui s'embarque (La Belle Hélène)
Paris Philharmonic Chorus & Orchestra, 1952

Ludwig van Beethoven
Moonlight Sonata
Solomon, 1956

Frédéric Chopin
Piano Concerto No. 2
Alfred Cortot, piano / John Barbirolli, conductor (1935)

Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Cleveland Orchestra, 1942

Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in C sharp Minor (No.20)
Vladimir Ashkenazy

Mar 16, 2013

Transportation and Public Space in Ottoman Istanbul | James Ryan

The spread of public transportation in the form of boats and trams in late Ottoman Istanbul changed the lived geography of the city and created new public spaces of interaction. In this episode, Jim Ryan discusses the debates surrounding social conduct and gender relations on the trams and how this new mode of transport fit into the larger transformations of Ottoman urban space.

Stream via Soundcloud (preferred / US)
Stream via Hipcast (Turkey / Türkiye)

James Ryan is a PhD candidate in the department of History at University of Pennsylvania (see academia.edu)
Sam Dolbee is a PhD candidate in the department of Middle East Studies at New York University

Episode No. 96
Release Date: 16 March 2013
Location: New York, NY
Images and bibliography courtesy of James Ryan (see below)
This episode is part of our series on Urban Space in the Ottoman World

Citation: "On the Tram: Transport and Public Space in Ottoman Istanbul," Jim Ryan, Sam Dolbee, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 97 (March 17, 2013) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2013/03/public-transport-rail-tram-istanbul.html.

Select Bibliography


Primary Sources

Babanzade, Ismali Hakkı, De Stamboul a Bagdad: Notes et Impressions d’un Homme d’Etat Turc Paris, Ernest Leroux, 1911

Gürsel, Nedim, The Last Tram Ruth Whitehouse trans., London: Comma Press 2011

Rasim, Ahmet, Fuhş-u Atık, Istanbul: İkdam Matbaası 1922

___________, Dünkü İstanbul Hovardalık, Istanbul: Arba Press 1987

Secondary Sources

Belenky, Masha, “Transitory Tales: Writing the Omnibus in Nineteenth-Century Paris” Dix-Neuf Vol. 16 No. 3, November 2012, pp. 283-303

Brummett, Palmira, Image and Imperialism in the Ottoman Revolutionary Press, 1908-1911 Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000

Çelik, Zeynep, Empire, Architecture and the City: French-Ottoman Encounters, 1830-1914 Seattle, University of Washington Press, 2008

Emrence, Cem, “Istanbul Tramvay’ında Sınıf ve Kimlik (1871-1922)” Toplumsal Tarih Vol. 16, No. 93 (2001) pp. 6-13

Gülersoy, Çelik, Tramvay İstanbul’da Istanbul, Istanbul Kitapliği, 1989

Hanssen, Jens, Fin de Siècle Beirut: The Making of an Ottoman Provincial Capital, New York, Oxford University Press 2005

Kayserlioğlu, R. Sertaç Dersaadet'ten Istanbul'a Tramvay Ikinci Bölüm Istanbul, İ.E.T.T Genel Müdürlüğü 1999

Papayanis, Nicholas, Horse-Drawn Cabs and Omnibuses in Paris: The Idea of Circulation and the Business of Public Transit, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press 1996

Philliou, Christine, “When the Clock Strikes Twelve: The Inception of an Ottoman Past in Early Republican Turkey” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Vol. 31, No. 1 pp. 172-182, 2011

Schoenberg, Phillip Ernest, “The Evolution of Transport in Turkey (Eastern Thrace and Asia Minor) under Ottoman Rule, 1856-1918” Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 13, No. 3 (1977)

Shissler, A. Holly, “Beauty Is Nothing To Be Ashamed Of: Beauty Contests as Tools of Women’s Liberation in Early Republican Turkey” in Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Vol. 24, No. 1 2004 pp. 107-122

Woodall G. Carole, “Sensing the City: Sound, Movement and the Night in 1920s Istanbul” Ph.D. diss. New York University Department of Middle East and Islamic Studies, 2008


Check out our article of the Afternoon Map by Nicholas Danforth for more information and maps about trams and transport in Istanbul

Images

“After the Lifting of the Tramway Curtain”
Türkiye Edebiyat Mecmuası Vol. 1 No. 1 September 1, 1924

Istanbul Electric Tramway Opening, 1914
R. Sertaç Kayserlioğlu /Dersaadet'ten Istanbul'a Tramvay/ 2inci Bölüm Istanbul, İ.E.T.T Genel Müdürlüğü 1999

Istanbul Tramway Map c1915-1920
R. Sertaç Kayserlioğlu /Dersaadet'ten Istanbul'a Tramvay/ 2inci Bölüm Istanbul, İ.E.T.T Genel Müdürlüğü 1999

“Mayıs Gezintisi: Asude köşe” (“A May Walk: A Serene Corner”)
reprinted in Gülersoy, Istanbul’da Tramvay p. 151

“Tombul Teyze tramvayda” (“Chubby Auntie on the tramway”)
reprinted in Gülersoy, Istanbul’da Tramvay p. 108


Music: Kara Güneş - Istanbul

Mar 3, 2013

Ottoman Qur'an Printing

with Brett Wilson

hosted by Chris Gratien and Nir Shafir

This episode is part of an ongoing series entitled History of Science, Ottoman or Otherwise.
 
Download the series
Podcast Feed | iTunes | Hipcast | Soundcloud


Printing in Ottoman Turkish first emerged during the eighteenth century. Yet, even when print had arrived in full force by the middle of the nineteenth century, it remained forbidden to print the text most sought after by Ottoman readers: the Qur'an. In this episode, Brett Wilson discusses the rise of print and Qur'an printing in the Ottoman Empire as well as the emergence of Turkish translations of the Qur'an in the late Ottoman and early Republican eras.


Stream via Soundcloud (preferred / US)


Brett Wilson in an Assistant Professor of Religious Studies at Macalester College (see academia.edu)
Nir Shafir is a PhD candidate at UCLA focusing on history of science and intellectual history of the Ottoman Empire (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate studying the history of the modern Middle East at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)

Episode No. 95
Release date: 3 March 2013
Location: Arnavutköy, Istanbul
Editing and Production by Chris Gratien
Images and Bibliography courtesy of Brett Wilson

The audio clip preceding this episode is a recording of a Turkish version of the Fatiha composed by Hamdi Döndüren and read by Ahmet Deniz
Select Bibliography

Page of Qur'an copied by
Kadıasker Mustafa İzzet Efendi,
a proofreader of first Ottoman printed
Qur'an (1837)
George N. Atiyeh, The Book in the Islamic World: The Written Word and Communication in the Middle East (Albany: State University of New York Press; Library of Congress, 1995).

Michael W. Albin, "Printing of the Qurʾān." Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān. General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe (Georgetown University, Washington DC. Brill).

Nedret Kuran Burçoğlu. "Osman Zeki Bey and His Printing Office the Matbaa-i Osmaniye." in History of Printing and Publishing in the Languages and Countries of the Middle East, edited by Philip Sadgrove and Colin Paul Mitchell. 35-58. New York: Middle East Studies Association of North America], 2007.

Malissa Taylor. "The Anxiety of Sanctity: Censorship and Sacred Texts." In XI To XVIII Centuries Islamic-Turkish Civilization and Europe International Symposium: Philosophy-State, Language-Literature-Art, Military, Daily Life, Image (Istanbul: Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı, 2006), 513-540.

M. Brett Wilson, “The First Translations of the Qur'an in Modern Turkey (1924-1938).” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 41 no. 3 (2009), 419-435.

M. Brett Wilson, “The Optional Ramadan Fast: The Debate over Qur'an v. 2:184 in the Early Turkish Republic,” in The Meaning of the Word:  Lexicology and Tafsīr. Ed. Stephen Burge (Oxford University Press, Forthcoming).