May 30, 2014

Imperial Architecture and Urban Experience in Ottoman Aleppo

with Heghnar Watenpaugh

hosted by Chris Gratien and Emily Neumeier

While architectural historians are often concerned with the design, inception, and construction of buildings and objects, writing the history of architecture also includes the study of renovations, modifications, and changes in use of such spaces embedded in political and social contexts. In this episode, Heghnar Watenpaugh revisits her 2004 monograph entitled The Image of an Ottoman City in a discussion of Ottoman interventions into the historical urban geography of the empire's third largest city, Aleppo, and talks about methods of reconstructing the lived urban environment of a city in Ottoman Syria.

Stream via Soundcloud


PARTICIPANT BIOS

Heghnar Watenpaugh is an Associate Professor of Art History at University of California-Davis. (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)
Emily Neumeier is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Art History at the University of Pennsylvania researching art and architecture in the Ottoman world. (see academia.edu)

CREDITS

Episode No. 157
Release Date: 31 May 2014
Location: Beyoğlu, Istanbul 
Editing and Production: Chris Gratien
Images courtesy of Heghnar Watenpaugh (sources below)

This episode is part of our series on Urban Space in the Ottoman World

IMAGES

Heghnar Watenpaugh during fieldwork at the Dervish Lodge of Shaykh Abu Bakr, 1999
G. J. Grelot, Panorama of the city of Aleppo, from Viaggio e giornale per parte dell’Asia di quattro anni incirca fatto da ma Ambrosio Bembo Nobile Veneto (Travels and Journal through Part of Asia during about Four Years Undertaken by Me, Ambrosio Bembo, Venetian Noble). Venice, ca. 1676. from James Ford Bell Library, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Ms. 1676 fBe, fol. 10–11.
Aleppo from Southwest, with citadel visible (Source: LOC)

Khusruwiyya and Adliyya mosques (Source: Sauvaget, Alep)

Great Mosque of Aleppo, collapsed minaret (Source: BBC)

PUBLICATIONS OF HEGHNAR WATERNPAUGH

Additional papers available for download on academia.edu

Monograph

The Image of an Ottoman City: Imperial Architecture and Urban Experience in Aleppo in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2004), xxii, 278 pp., 57 illus. (Winner of the Spiro Kostof Book Award from the Society of Architectural Historians, 2006)

Journal Articles

“Architecture without Images,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, Roundtable: Studying Visual Culture, edited by Zeynep Çelik, 45:3 (August 2013). 585-588.

“The City’s Edge: Rethinking Sources and Methods for the Study of Urban Peripheries,” Annales Islamologiques 46 (2012): 129-144, special issue: “L’exercice du pouvoir à l’âge des sultanats. Production, manifestation, reception,” [Exercising Power in the Age of the Sultanates: Production, Manifestation, Reception], edited by Sylvie Denoix and Irene Bierman.

“An Uneasy Historiography: The Legacy of Ottoman Architecture in the Former Arab Provinces,” Muqarnas: An Annual on the Visual Culture of the Islamic World, vol. 24 (2007), special issue: Historiography and Ideology: Architectural Heritage of the “Lands of Rum,” ed. Gülru Necipoglu and Sibel Bozdogan. 27-43.

“Deviant Dervishes: Space, Gender and the Construction of Antinomian Piety in Ottoman Aleppo,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 37:4 (2005): 535-565.

“A French Humanist in the Islamic City: The Chevalier d’Arvieux (1635-1702), Merchant and Consul in Aleppo,” Thresholds: The Critical Journal of Visual Culture 27 (2004): 18-22.

Book Chapters

“The Cathedral of Ani, Turkey: From Church to Monument,” in Sacred Precincts: The Religious Architecture of Non-Muslim Communities across the Islamic World, ed. Mohammad Gharipour. Leiden: E. J. Brill, in press.

“Art and Architecture,” in Women and Islamic Cultures: Disciplinary Paradigms and Approaches: 2003 – 2013, ed. Suad Joseph et al. (Leiden: Brill, 2013). 37-50.

“The Harem as Biography: Domestic Architecture, Gender and Nostalgia in Modern Syria,” in Harem Histories: Lived Spaces and Envisioned Places, ed. Marilyn Booth (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2010). 211-236.

“Knowledge, Heritage, Representation: The Commercialization of the Courtyard House in Aleppo,” in États et sociétés de l’Orient Arabe en quête d’avenir, 1945-2005, ed. Gérard D. Khoury and Nadine Méouchy, vol. 2 (Paris: Geuthner, 2007). 209-218.

“Museums and the Construction of National History in Syria and Lebanon,” in The British and French Mandates in Comparative Perspective, ed. Nadine Méouchy and Peter Sluglett (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2004). 185-202.

May 26, 2014

Balkan Historiographies and the Legacies of Empire

with Dimitris Stamatopoulos

hosted by Kalliopi Amygdalou

The emergence of nationalism in the Balkans entailed a reconfiguration of historical space and time. Nationalist historians struggled in particular in dealing with the imperial heritage of the Ottoman and Byzantine pasts. In this episode, Dimitris Stamatopoulos explores how the historians of the Balkans' various national communities addressed the question of empire and the long legacies of the Byzantine and Ottoman states.

Dimitris Stamatopoulos is an Associate Professor in the Department of Balkan, Slavic and Oriental Studies at the University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki and author of several publications on the history of the Christian Orthodox populations of the Ottoman Empire.
Kalliopi Amygdalou is a doctoral candidate in the Bartlett School of Architecture at University College in London working on the relationship between national historiographies and the built environment in Greece and Turkey (see academia.edu)


Listeners might also like:

#149 Common Ground and Imagined Communities | Daniel Pontillo
#051 Periodizing Turkish History | Nicholas Danforth

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Dimitris Stamatopoulos, Το Βυζάντιο μετά το Έθνος: το πρόβλημα της συνέχειας στις βαλκανικές ιστοριογραφίες” [Byzantium after the Nation: the problem of continuity in the Balkan historiographies], Athens: Alexandreia Publications 2009

Nicolae Iorga, Bizanţ după Bizanţ, Bucarest 1935

Rumen Daskalov, The Making of a Nation in the Balkans. Historiography of the Bulgarian Revival, CEU Press, Budapest 2004

Büşra Ersanlı Behar, İktidar ve Tarih: Türkiye’de “Resmi Tarih” Tezinin Oluşumu (1929-1937), AFA Yayınları, Istanbul 1996

Maria Todorova, Imaging the Balkans, Oxford University Press, Oxford – New York 1997

Fikret Adanir and Suraiya Faroqhi (eds.), The Ottomans and the Balkans: a discussion of historiography, Leiden-Boston : Brill, 2002

Ulf Brunnbauer (ed.), (Re) writing history : historiography in Southeast Europe after socialism, Münster: Lit, 2004.

Markus Krzoska, Hans-Christian Maner (eds.), Beruf und Berufung : Geschichtswissenschaft und Nationsbildung in Ostmittel- und Südosteuropa im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert, Münster : Lit, 2005.

Maria Todorova (ed.)., Balkan identities: nation and memory, Washington Square, N.Y. : New York University Press, 2004.

Nikolaj Aretov, Bâlgarskoto Vâzdraždane i Evropa, [Bulgarian Renaissance and Europe], Izdatelstvo Kralica Mab, Sofia 2001.

May 20, 2014

Osmanlı'da İşçiler


Kadir Yıldırım

Bu podcastımızda Osmanlı’da İşçiler (1870-1922) kitabının yazarı, İstanbul Üniversitesi İktisat Fakültesi öğretim üyesi Kadir Yıldırım’la Osmanlı işçi hareketi ve emek tarihi yazımının tarihyazımsal gelişimini, kaynaklarını ve temel kavramlarını masaya yatırıyoruz. Bu bölümle, geçen hafta Soma’da yitirdiğimiz madencilerimizi ve Çalışma ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı verilerine göre sadece 2002’den bu yana sayıları 14.000’i bulan iş kazalarında kaybettiğimiz tüm işçilerimizi anmaya çalışıyoruz. Bu söyleşi ayrıca, iş kazalarının “doğal afet, kader, işin doğası, fıtratı” olarak nitelendirilip nitelendirilemeyeceğini tartışmasını yeniden gündeme taşıyor.   



Yrd.Doç.Dr. Kadir Yıldırım, İstanbul Üniversitesi İktisat Bölümünde öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır.
Elçin Arabacı, Georgetown Üniversitesi Tarih Bölümü doktora öğrencisidir. Halen ondokuzuncu yüzyılda Bursa'da sivil toplum üzerine doktora araştırmasını sürdürmektedir. (academia.edu)
Yeniçağ Akdeniz ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu üzerine uzmanlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan İstanbul 29 Mayıs Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. (academia.edu)

KAYNAKÇA

Donald Quataert; Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda Madenciler ve Devlet – Zonguldak Kömür Havzası 1822-1920, Çev. Nilay Ö. Gündoğan ve Azat Z. Gündoğan, İstanbul, Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Yayınevi, 2009.

Donald Quataert; Sanayi Devrimi Çağında Osmanlı İmalat Sektörü, 2. Bsk., İstanbul, İletişim Yayınları, 2008.

Mete Tunçay; Türkiye’de Sol Akımlar 1908-1925, C. 1, İstanbul, İletişim Yayınları, 2009.

Mete Tunçay-Erik Jan Zürcher, Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda Sosyalizm ve Milliyetçilik (1876-1923), İstanbul, İletişim Yayınları, 2010.

Suraiya Faroqhi; Osmanlı Zanaatkarları, İstanbul, Kitap Yayınevi, 2011.

Kadir Yıldırım; Osmanlı’da İşçiler; Çalışma Hayatı, Örgütler ve Grevler (1870-1922), İstanbul, İletişim Yayınları, 2013.

Oya Sencer; Türkiye’de İşçi Sınıfı – Doğuşu ve Yapısı, İstanbul, Habora Kitabevi, 1969.

Gila Hadar; “Selanik’te Yahudi Tütün İşçileri: Toplumsal ve Etnik Mücadele Bağlamında Cinsiyet ve Aile”, Osmanlı Döneminde Balkan Kadınları Toplumsal Cinsiyet, Kültür, Tarih, Der. Amila Butuovic ve Irvin Cemil Schick, Çev. Güliz Erginsoy, İstanbul, İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları, 2009, ss. 137-161.

Şükrü Ilıcak; “Jewish Socialism in Ottoman Salonica”, Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2002, ss. 115-146.

Yavuz Selim Karakışla; “Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda 1908 Grevleri”, Toplum ve Bilim, S. 78, Güz 1998, ss. 187-209.

Cengiz Kırlı; “A Profile of the Labor Force in Early Nineteenth-Century Istanbul”, International Labor and Working-Class History, Vol. 60, Fall 2001, ss. 125-140.

M. Erdem Kabadayı, “Working for the State in a Factory in Istanbul: The Role of Factory Worker’ Religious and Gender Characteristics in State-Subject Interaction in the Late Ottoman Empire”, Unpublished PhD Thesis, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat, München, 2008.

Yusuf Doğan Çetinkaya; 1908 Osmanlı Boykotu-Bir Toplumsal Hareketin Analizi, İstanbul, İletişim Yayınları, 2004.

Cevdet Kırpık; “Osmanlı Devleti’nde İşçiler ve İşçi Hareketleri (1876-1914)”, Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi, Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi SBE Tarih ABD, Isparta, 2004.

Ahmet Makal; Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda Çalışma İlişkileri: 1850-1920, Ankara, İmge Kitabevi, 1997.

Touraj Atabaki ve Gavin D. Brockett, “Ottoman and Republican Turkish Labour History: An Introduction”, International Review of Social History, Vol 54, 2009, ss. 1-17.

Gülhan Balsoy; “Gendering Ottoman Labor History: The Cibali Régie Factory in the Early Twentieth Century”, International Review of Social History, Vol. 54, 2009, ss. 45-68.

Sina Çıladır; Zonguldak Havzasında İşçi Hareketlerinin Tarihi (1848-1940), Ankara, Yeraltı Maden İş Yayınları, 1977.

GÖRSELLER

Cibali Reji Fabrikasında Paravanla Ayrılan Erkek-Kadın İşçiler

Hüseyin Hilmi Bey'in İştirak Gazetesinin İlk Sayısı

İzmir'de Halı İşçisi Çocuk ve Kadınlar

Samsun Reji Fabrikasında Tütün İşçileri

Sosyalist Fırkası İşçileri Yürüyüşte

May 17, 2014

Miners and the State in the Ottoman Empire | Donald Quataert & Ryan Gingeras

This episode offers an interview by Ryan Gingeras with Donald Quartaert in 2008 about his monograph entitled Miners and the State in the Ottoman Empire (2006). During his decades of activity as a scholar, Donald Quataert was one of the foremost scholars within the field of Ottoman history and in many ways a pioneering figure in the study of Ottoman labor history, particularly among Anglophone scholars. Educated during a period when most scholarship was focused heavily on the Ottoman state and dynasty, Quataert took up the challenging task of studying the lived experience of ordinary workers. This work on the coalfields of Zonguldak, which relied in part on Ottoman sources originating in the region of Zonguldak itself, offers a rare window into the life of Ottoman miners and how it was similar and different in comparison with their fellow miners elsewhere. (Miners and the State in the Ottoman Empire is available in Turkish as Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nda Madenciler ve Devlet)




Ryan Gingeras is an Assistant Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School (faculty page).
Donald Quataert was Distinguished Professor of History at State University of New York, Binghamton.

Read about Donald Quataert's life and publications here

Zonguldak Mines, late Ottoman period (from Captain Turgay Erol Collection in Geyikdağı-Investment in the Ottoman Empire)

May 16, 2014

Figurative Littorals and Wild Fields


with Arianne Urus & Michael Polczynski

hosted by Chris Gratien

If geography is the stage for social activity, how do geographical settings impact the form of the human drama? In this episode, we discuss wide expanses such as seas, plains, and deserts along with their adjacent coasts or "littorals" in an attempt to identify parallels between different types of geographic zones and what they mean for the study of comparative and global history.



Arianne Urus is a doctoral candidate at New York University studying environmental history and international order in early modern Europe and the Atlantic world. (see academia.edu)
Michael Polczynski is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the history of the Ottoman Empire and Eastern Europe. (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)

Note for the listener: Although it is supported by some primary sources and archival research, this podcast is not primarily a work of primary source research. It is a synthesis of publicly available information and draws extensively from the following works below, which are also mentioned during the course of the episode. For the purposes of academic citation, we encourage you to consult these works.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Atlantic World:

David Armitage, The British Atlantic World, 1500-1800 (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.).

Lauren A. Benton, A Search for Sovereignty: Law and Geography in European Empires, 1400--1900 (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Alison Games, “Atlantic History: Definitions, Challenges, and Opportunities,” The American Historical Review 111, no. 3 (June 1, 2006): 741–57.

Michael Jarvis, In the Eye of All Trade: Bermuda, Bermudians, and the Maritime Atlantic World, 1680-1783 (Chapel Hill: Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia, by the University of North Carolina Press, 2010).

Peter Linebaugh and Rediker, Marcus, The Many-headed Hydra Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic (Boston: Beacon Press, 2000).

Renaud Morieux, Une Mer Pour Deux Royaumes: La Manche, Frontière Franco-anglaise XVIIe-XVIIIe Siècles (Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2008).

Philip E. Steinberg, The Social Construction of the Ocean (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001),

Mediterranean:

David Abulafia, The Great Sea: a Human History of the Mediterranean (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).

Bartolomé Bennassar, Les Chrétiens d’Allah : L’histoire Extraordinaire Des Renégats, XVIe et XVIIe Siècles (Paris: Perrin, 1989).

Eric Dursteler, Venetians in Constantinople Nation, Identity, and Coexistence in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006).

Molly Greene, A Shared World : Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2000).


Pearson, M. N. (Michael Naylor). 2006. "Littoral Society: The Concept and the Problems". Journal of World History. 17, no. 4: 353-373.

Eurasian Steppe:

Davies, Brian. 2007. Warfare, State and Society on the Black Sea Steppe, 1500-1700. Warfare and History. London ;New York: Routledge.

Klein, Denise. 2012. The Crimean Khanate between East and West (15th-18th century). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Kołodziejczyk, Dariusz. 2011. The Crimean Khanate and Poland-Lithuania international diplomacy on the European periphery (15th-18th century) : a study of peace treaties followed by annotated documents. Leiden: Brill.

McNeill, William Hardy. 1964. Europe's steppe frontier, 1500-1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Sunderland, Willard. 2004. Taming the Wild Field: colonization and empire on the Russian steppe. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

May 8, 2014

Time and Temporal Culture in the Ottoman Empire

with Avner Wishnitzer

hosted by Chris Gratien

In daily life, time appears as an unavoidable fact. It marches forward uniformly, and much like money, is a fungible commodity that can be spent, wasted, and saved. However, this view often obscures the fact that our engagement with time is mitigated through socially-constructed ways of understanding, measuring, and using time. In this episode, Chris Gratien talks to Anver Wishnizter about his research in this realm of social time--what he describes as "temporal culture"--and the changes in such a temporal culture during the late Ottoman period.

*Update* Dr. Wishnitzer's monograph entitled Reading Clocks, Alla Turca has since been published with Chicago University Press. Follow this link to access this new publication.

Stream via Soundcloud

Avner Wishnitzer is a Kreitman Post-Doctoral Fellow at Ben Gurion University of the Negev. (see faculty page)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)

Episode No. 152
Release date: 8 May 2014
Location: Kurtuluş, Istanbul
Editing and Production by Chris Gratien
This episode is part of an ongoing series entitled History of Science, Ottoman or Otherwise.


Download the series
Podcast Feed | iTunes | Soundcloud


SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Avner Wishnitzer, "Our Time: On the Durability of the Alaturka Hour System in the Late Ottoman Empire,”  International Journal of Turkish Studies, 16/1 (2010): 47-69.

Avner Wishnitzer,  “Teaching Time: Schools, Schedules and the Ottoman Pursuit of Progress.” New Perspectives on Turkey, 43(2010): 5-32.

On Barak, On Time: Technology and Temporality in Modern Egypt  (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013).

Vanessa Ogle, "Whose Time Is It? The Pluralization of Time and the Global Condition, 1870s-
1940s," American Historical Review, 118/5 (2013): 1376-1402.

Daniel A. Stolz, The Lighthouse and the Observatory: Islam, Authority and Cultures of Astronomy in Late Ottoman Egypt (PhD diss. Princeton University, 2013).

May 3, 2014

Echoes of the Ottoman Past: Istanbul's Historical Soundscape

Istanbul is full of landmarks and objects dating to the Ottoman period that give us a glimpse of the city's material culture. However, the scents and sounds that made up the urban experience of Ottoman Istanbul often elude us. In our inaugural episode of Season 4, we explore the sounds of Istanbul today and link them to city of the Ottoman past.

Stream via Soundcloud:

Stream via Hipcast (Turkey / Türkiye)


Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)
Emily Neumeier is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Art History at the University of Pennsylvania researching art and architecture in the Ottoman world. (see academia.edu)
Episode No. 151
Release Date: 3 May 2014
Location: Kurtuluş, Istanbul
Editing and Production: Chris Gratien
Recordings by Chris Gratien and Emily Neumeier
Musical excerpt from the performance of Askeri Müze Mehteran Bölüğü
Bibliography courtesy of Emily Neumeier

This episode is part of our series on Urban Space in the Ottoman World


Note for the listener: This podcast is a synthesis of original field recordings, primary source research, and a reading of widely available information and secondary sources. For the purposes of academic citation, we encourage you to consult these works.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY


Şener Aktürk, "Incompatible Visions of Supra-nationalism: National Identity in Turkey and the European Union" (Bağdaşmayan Ulusçuluk-ötesi Vizyonlar: Türkiye'de ve Avrupa Birliği'nde Ulusal Kimlik), Archives Europeennes de Sociologie/ European Journal of Sociology, 48/2 (Aug. 2007): 347-72.

Zeynep Çelik. The Remaking of Istanbul: Portrait of an Ottoman city in the Nineteenth Century (Seattle : University of Washington Press, 1986).

Nina Ergin, "The Soundscape of Sixteenth-Century Istanbul Mosques: Architecture and Qur’an Recital," Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 67/2 (2008): 204-21

_____, “Multi-Sensorial Messages of the Divine and the Personal: Qur'an Inscriptions and Recitation in Sixteenth-Century Ottoman Mosques in Istanbul,” in Calligraphy and Architecture in the Muslim World, eds. Mohammad Gharipouri and Irvin C. Schick (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University, 2013).

Shirine Hamadeh, The City's Pleasures: Istanbul in the Eighteenth Century (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2008).

David Howes, Sensual Relations: Engaging the Senses in Culture and Social Theory (Ann Arbor : University of Michigan, 2003).

Gülrü Necipoğlu, Architecture, Ceremonial, and Power: The Topkapi Palace in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries (New York; Cambridge, Mass.: Architectural History Foundation; MIT Press, 1991).

Lucienne Thys-Şenocak, Ottoman Women Builders: The Architectural Patronage of Hadice Turhan Sultan. (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2006). 

May 1, 2014

Study Sounds | E02 Rainy Day Istanbul



Kurtuluş - May 4, 2014 (Source: Chris Gratien)
It's a rainy Sunday morning in Istanbul. You enjoy the soft sound of the rain coming down and a fresh cup of espresso as you start the day's activities.

Study challenge: Make yourself a warm beverage and organize your notes or materials for the day in the space provided by this twenty-minute clip.


"Study Sounds" is an Ottoman History Podcast production. It offers authentic field recordings of Istanbul and elsewhere for use as pleasant background noise ideal for study or relaxation. For convenient downloading of our complete list of study sounds, click here. "Study Sounds" is recorded and produced by Chris Gratien.

Permalink: http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/05/rainy-day-istanbul.html

Study Sounds | E01 Crossing the Bosphorus



The Sea of Marmara, as seen from Kadıköy - May 3, 2014 (Source: Chris Gratien)
On a warm Saturday evening, you board a municipal ferry in Karaköy where the Bosphorus meets the Golden Horn for a short trip across to Istanbul's Asian side. With the sun coming down over the historical coastline, you enjoy the breeze as well as a hot, sweet cup of tea. As the boat docks at Kadıköy, you join the crowd of passengers hurrying off the ship towards the cafes and fast food joints near the water.

Study challenge: Your journey lasts just under thirty minutes. Try to write two pages before the boat reaches Kadıköy. When you hear the sounds of the engine and the boat's horn, it means you're almost there!



"Study Sounds" is an Ottoman History Podcast production. It offers authentic field recordings of Istanbul and elsewhere for use as pleasant background noise ideal for study or relaxation. For convenient downloading of our complete list of study sounds, click here. "Study Sounds" is recorded and produced by Chris Gratien.

Permalink: http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/05/crossing-the-bosphorus-istanbul.html