Sep 23, 2015

Early Cinema of the Late Ottoman Period

with Özde Çeliktemel-Thomen

hosted by Chris Gratien and Taylan Güngör

Download the episode

The production of motion pictures began in the 1890s, and before long, films were being screened throughout the world, including in Ottoman cities. How did Ottoman audiences receive the advent of film? What was the role of the state in promoting or limiting the spread of motion pictures? What were the contents of the earliest films shown and produced in the Ottoman Empire? In this episode, Özde Çeliktemel-Thomen offers an introduction to the emergence of cinema in the Ottoman Empire and discusses the results of her research on the subject at the Ottoman archives in Istanbul.

Sep 12, 2015

Rethinking Sectarianism in the Middle East

with Ussama Makdisi

hosted by Susanna Ferguson

Download the episode

"Sectarianism" is a a slippery term, now used to describe everything from Saudi Arabian foreign policy to the daily functioning of Lebanese politics to the rhetoric of the Islamic State. In this episode, historian Ussama Makdisi takes on the history of both the term "sectarian" and the kinds of communal political divides it is often used to describe in the late Ottoman Empire and the 20th century Middle East, reflecting on his former work and offering a preview of his forthcoming scholarship. 

Sep 4, 2015

The Second Formation of Islamic Law

with Guy Burak

hosted by Chris Gratien and Nir Shafir

Download the episode

Within the historiography, major shifts and developments in schools of thought and legal interpretation have dominated the narrative of how Islamic law has spread and transformed across time. However, as our guest Guy Burak argues in his new monograph, The Second Formation of Islamic Law, structural changes in the relationship between state, society, and law are also an important part of this story. In this episode, Dr. Burak explains how law transformed under post-Mongol Islamicate empires such as the Ottomans through changes in the ways these states claimed legal authority.