60. High Modernity
Unlike many historical topics, drug use is often absent in the historical record due to its illicit nature. However, thanks to authorities who sought to control the drug trade and commentators that wrote about drug culture, we can piece together some of the social networks that drug trade and use facilitated in the past. In this episode, Zach Foster discusses the evolution of the drug trade in the Eastern Mediterranean during the period of transition from Ottoman to British and French Mandate rule, as European states and the emerging bourgeoisie in the Middle East became increasingly concerned with the pervasive "issue" of drug use.
Zachary J. Foster is a Ph.D student in the Near East Studies Department at Princeton University, focusing on the modern Middle East
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate studying the history of the modern Middle East at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)
Citation: "Drugs in the Middle East: Dealers and Smokers in the late-Ottoman and Interwar Periods." Zachary J. Foster and Chris Gratien. Ottoman History Podcast, No. 60 (July 13, 2012) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2012/07/drugs-in-middle-east-dealers-and.html.
Liat Kozma, "Cannabis Prohibition in Egypt, 1880–1939: From Local Ban to League of Nations Diplomacy", Middle Eastern Studies, 47:3, 443-460
Cyrus Schayegh, "The Many Worlds of ˁAbud Yasin; or, What Narcotics Trafficking in the Interwar Middle East Can Tell Us about Territorialization," The American Historical Review, Vol. 116, No. 2 (April 2011), pp. 273-306
G. G. Nahas, Hashish and drug abuse in Egypt during the 19th and 20th centuries. Bull N Y Acad Med. 1985 June; 61(5): 428–444. PMCID: PMC1911881
Zachary J. Foster, "Marginalized Desires: Illicit Drug Trafficking and Use in British Mandatory Palestine," (unpublished paper, 2010)