Hat Sanatı

Irvin Cemil Schick


Many have attributed the richness of the Islamic calligraphic tradition to a prohibition on the use of human images; however, this interpretation is based on many false assumptions about history and culture in the Islamic world as well as the normativity of the Western cultural experience. In this episode, Irvin Cemil Schick dismantles some of the usual cliches about art in Muslim societies and considers calligraphy (hat sanatı) as a symbolic art form in its own right.

Birçok araştırmacı zengin ve köklü bir geleneğe sahip olan İslam hat sanatının ortaya çıkışını İslam dininin insan suretinin resmedilmesini yasaklaması ile açıklamaya çalışmıştır. Ancak, bu yorum İslam dünyasının kültür ve tarihi hakkında bir takım yanlış çıkarsamalara olduğu kadar, Batının tarihi ve kültürel gelişimini normatif olarak kabul eden modası geçmiş bir tarihsel metodolojiye de dayanmaktadır. Bu bölümde Irvin Cemil Schick İslam toplumlarında sanat hakkındaki klişeleri yeniden gözden geçirirken, hat sanatını kendine özgü ve bağımsız bir sembolik sanat formu olarak değerlendirmektedir.

Note: the podcast is in Turkish



This podcast relies on a collection of images available here:

Islamic Calligraphy, Epigraphic Horse from 16th C IndiaIslamic Calligraphy, Adam Representing Stages of PrayerIslamic Calligraphy, Epigraphic HandIslamic Calligraphy, Lion Symbolizing Hz. AliIslamic Calligraphy, Camel Symbolizes Hz. Ali


Yrd. Doç. Dr. Irvin Cemil Schick Istanbul Şehir Üniversitesi'nde matematik ve tarih üzerine dersler vermektedir.
Yeniçağ Akdeniz ve Osmanlı Imparatorluğu Tarihi üzerine uzmanlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi Tarih Bölümü'nde ders vermektedir (academia.edu)

Select Bibliography

Calligraphy in Islamic Architecture: Space, Form, and Function, eds. Mohammad Gharipour and İrvin Cemil Schick (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, forthcoming in 2013).

M. Uğur Derman, Letters in Gold: Ottoman Calligraphy from the Sakıp Sabancı Collection, Istanbul, trans. Mohamed Zakariya (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1998).

Malik Aksel, Türklerde Dinî Resimler: Yazı-Resim (İstanbul: Elif Yayınları, 1967).

Comments

Phil Haqeeqa said…
Dear Chris, Would it be possible to post a more detailed summary of this podcast in English? My dad is very interested and is a keen calligrapher but he can't understand this. Thanks anyway - I love these podcasts!
Chris said…
Dr. Schick has published some things in English on the topic and I think there is more on the way. This article touches on some of the ideas we covered: http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/25608818?uid=3739192&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21101159876423
seeker said…
Hi, I would love the details about this calligraphic piece, is it narrating the story of Ali's body being transferred to Najaf after his death in Kufa? I don't understand Turkish, thanks!

Ottoman History Podcast is a noncommerical website intended for educational use. Anyone is welcome to use and reproduce our content with proper attribution under the terms of noncommercial fair use within the classroom setting or on other educational websites. All third-party content is used either with express permission or under the terms of fair use. Our page and podcasts contain no advertising and our website receives no revenue. Commercial use of our material is strictly prohibited, as it violates not only our noncommercial commitment but also the rights of third-party content owners.

We make efforts to completely cite all secondary sources employed in the making of our episodes and properly attribute third-party content such as images from the web. If you feel that your material has been improperly used or incorrectly attributed on our site, please do not hesitate to contact us.