Jan 25, 2013

Producing Pera

with Nilay Özlü

hosted by Chris Gratien

During the nineteenth century, the urban space of Istanbul was transformed by actors consciously involved in reshaping the face of Ottoman and high society in this European capital. In this episode, Nilay Özlü explores the culture and architecture of the Pera neighborhood during these formative years through the story of three generations of the Vallaury family, Levantine Istanbulites who rose to prominence in the fields of cuisine, cafe culture, and finally architecture through the figure of Alexander Vallaury.




Nilay Özlü is a PhD candidate in the Department of History at Boğaziçi University focusing on urban and architectural history (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University studying the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. His doctoral research examines the ecological transformation of the Adana region of Southern Turkey from the mid-19th century onward. (see academia.edu)


Episode No. 90
Release Date: 25 January 2013
Location: Cihangir, Istanbul
Editing and Production: Chris Gratien
Images and bibliography courtesy of Nilay Özlü (see below)

This episode is part of our series on Urban Space in the Ottoman World

Citation: "Producing Pera: A Levantine Family and the Remaking of Istanbul," Nilay Özlü and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 90 (January 25, 2013) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2013/01/pera-istanbul-architecture.html.

Select Bibliography

Kayaalp, N. (2008), Pera'nın Yersiz Yurtsuz Kahamanları, Unpuplished Thesis, Istanbul: YTÜ Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü.

Akın, N. (2002), 19. Yüzyılda Galata ve Pera, Literatür Yayınları.

Bozdoğan, S. (2007), "Reading Ottoman Architecture through modernist lenses: Nationalist Historiography and the "New Architecture" in the Early Republic", Muqarnas 24.

Çelik, Z., (1993), The Remaking of Istanbul Portrait of an Ottoman City in the Nineteenth Century, University of California Pres, Berkeley, Los Angeles, London.

Eldem, E. (2006) "Levanten Kelimesi Üzerine", in A. Yumul, ed., Avrupalı mı Levanten mi, Istanbul: Bağlam.

Eldem, E., (2000a), Bankalar Caddesi Osmanlı'dan Günümüze Voyvoda Caddesi, Osmanlı Bankası Bankacılık ve Finans Tarihi Arastırma ve Belge Merkezi,  Istanbul.

Mardin, Ş., (2007), Türk Modernlesmesi Makaleler 4,  İletisim Yayınları,  Istanbul.

Ortaylı, İ., (2002),  İmparatorluğun En Uzun Yüzyılı,  İletisim Yayınları,  Istanbul.

Images

View of Pera and Galata, c1870-1910, Guillaume Berggren (LOC)
Pera (Istiklal) Street, Istanbul (SALT Araştırma)
Letter from François Vallauri to Ali Paşa (BOA)
Galata Steps, Sébqh & Joaillier
Pera (Istiklal) and Sahne Streets Intersection, François Vallauri's cafe was on the (left) corner
Formerly Cafe Lebon, operated by François Vallauri's son in law Edward Lebon, interior was designed by Vallauri's
son architect Alexander Vallaury. (Photo: Nilay Özlü)

Students and Teachers of Ottoman School of Fine Arts, Alexander Vallaury taught architecture there.
He is seated in the front and wearing a bowler hat.
Ottoman Archaeology Museum, founded by Osman Hamdi Bey and Designed by Alexander Vallaury
Sébah & Joaillier (LOC)
Plans for the Ottoman Imperial Bank, designed by Alexander Vallaury (SALT Araştırma)
View of Galata from the Golden Horn. The Ottoman Imperial Bank looms above.
Abdullah Freres c. 1880-1893 (LOC)
Ballroom of Pera Palace (Palas) Hotel in Istanbul (Yapı Dergisi)

Jan 19, 2013

I. Selim imgesi ve 17. yüzyılda Osmanlı şehirlilerinin tarih algısı

Tülün Değirmenci

Günümüzde tarihin nasıl algılandığı, yeniden üretildiği, sembolize ve politize edildiği tartışılırken, geçmiş toplumların kendi geçmişlerini nasıl algıladıkları sıklıkla gözden kaçmaktadır. Bu podcastımızda Yard. Doç. Dr. Tülün Değirmenci resimli el yazmalarındaki I. Selim (1512-1520) imgesi üzerinden 17. yüzyıl Osmanlı şehirlilerinin tarih algısını  inceliyor. Siyaset, popüler algı ve tarihyazımı arasındaki ilişkiyi gözler önüne sermekle kalmıyor, ikonografi, kitap üretimi ve okuma kültürü gibi Osmanlı entellektüel tarihinin önemli mevzularını da mercek altına alıyor.

In spite of lively debate regarding how history is reconstructed today, historians have paid less attention to how past societies perceived their own past. In this episode, based on a seventeenth-century illustrated manuscript, Tülün Değirmenci explores how 17th century Ottoman city-dwellers perceived the controversial figure of Sultan Selim I (note: this episode is in Turkish).


iTunes

Osmanlı Sanat Tarihi, Resimli Kitaplar ve Okuma Kültürü üzerine eserler veren Yard. Doç. Dr. Tülün Değirmenci Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sanat Tarihi Bölümü'nde ders vermekte ve Koç Üniversitesi Anadolu Medeniyetleri Araştırma Merkezi'nde Senior Fellow olarak araştırma yapmaktadır. (see academia.edu).
Yeniçağ Akdeniz ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu üzerine uzmanlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi Tarih Bölümü'nde ders vermektedir. (see academia.edu)

Citation: "I. Selim imgesi ve 17. yüzyılda Osmanlı şehirlilerinin tarih algısı," Tülün Değirmenci, Emrah Safa Gürkan, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 89 (January 19, 2013) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2013/01/sultan-selim-image-art.html.

SEÇME KAYNAKÇA


Selahattin Tansel, Yavuz Sultan Selim, Ankara: Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Yay. 1969.

 Feridun M. Emecen, Yavuz Sultan Selim, İstanbul: Yitik Hazine Yayınları, 2010

 Şehabeddin Tekindağ, “Selim-Nâmeler,” İstanbul Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Tarih Enstitüsü Dergisi, 1 (Ekim 1970),…

Ahmet Uğur, “Selim-Nâmeler,” Ankara Üniversitesi İlâhiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, XXII, (1978): 367-379

Tülün Değirmenci, “Bir kitabı kaç kişi okur? Osmanlı’da Okurlar ve Okuma Biçimleri Üzerine Bazı Gözlemler,” Tarih ve Toplum: Yeni Yaklaşımlar, 13 (Aralık 2011): 7-43.

Tülün Değirmenci, “Şah İsmail’in Gözdesi Tâclı Hanım’ın Tasviri,” Toplumsal Tarih, 211 (Temmuz 2011): 42-45.

Bağcı, Serpil, Filiz Çağman, Günsel Renda ve Zeren Tanındı. Osmanlı Resim Sanatı, (İstanbul: Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları, 2006).

Images


Bayezid II fighting his son Selim at Uğraşdere (Selīm-nāme, TSMK, H. 1597-8, f. 44a)
Selim I fighting his brother Ahmed (Selīm-nāme, TSMK, H. 1597-8, f. 83b)
Bayezid II's Funeral (Selīm-nāme, TSMK, H. 1597-8, f. 62a)
Battle of Chaldiran (Selīm-nāme, TSMK, H. 1597-8)
Selim I on his deathbed (Selīm-nāme, TSMK, H. 1597-8, f. 267a)

Music: Golden Horn Ensemble - Tanbur Taksimi

Jan 13, 2013

Malaria: Global Themes and Ottoman Connections | Chris Gratien & Sam Dolbee

88.     Disease in Ottoman History

This three-part series provides an introduction to the historical study of malaria with special emphasis on the place of the Ottoman Empire and Middle East in the story of human interaction with the disease.

Part One:

Malaria is a disease that has been with human society since our earliest days. It has shaped our relationship with our environment throughout time, thereby changing the course of history. In our three part series on malaria, we look at malaria on the global stage and in the Ottoman Empire in particular, as well as more recent scientific approaches to malaria during the last century. This first episode examines malaria in the long durée and its various interactions with human society.



Part Two:

Malaria was present in much of the Ottoman Empire throughout its six centuries of existence; yet, the relationship between humans and the disease environment was anything but unchanging. In this second part of our three part series on the history of malaria, we discuss the role of the disease in Ottoman history, make some observations about changes in settlement and disease, and explore early attempts to control malaria through state interventions and the use of science and medicine.



Part Three:

The discovery of the malaria parasite and the mosquito as its vector changed human understandings of the disease and gave rise to scientific and medical approaches that mixed new and old practices. The twentieth century saw a great push to eliminate malaria from many parts of the world, and while these programs had successes, they also led to unintended consequences. In this third and final part of our three part series on the history of malaria, we discuss new approaches to malaria that arose both in colonial settings and within the framework of new nation states, touching on the cases of Turkey, India, Algeria, Israel/Palestine, Italy, the US and others.





Sam Dolbee is a PhD candidate in the department of Middle East Studies at New York University
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate studying the history of the modern Middle East at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)

Citation: "Malaria: Global Themes and Ottoman Connections," Chris Gratien and Sam Dolbee, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 88 (January 13, 2013) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2013/01/malaria-disease-treatment-world.html.

Note for the listener: While this episode refers to many primary source materials, this podcast is not primarily a work of primary source research. It is a synthesis of publicly available information and draws extensively from the following works below, which are also mentioned during the course of the episode. For the purposes of academic citation, we encourage you to consult these works.

Bibliography

Images




Jan 4, 2013

Diplomat bir Şehzade'nin portresi: II. Selim | Güneş Işıksel

87.     A Prince and a Diplomat


Genelde hükümdar merkezli bir siyasi tarih anlayışı geliştiren Osmanlı tarihyazımı ironik bir şekilde bu hükümdarlar üzerine kapsamlı biyografiler üretememiştir. Bu podcastimizde Collège de France ve Sorbonne Üniversitesi’nden Dr. Güneş Işıksel ile II. Selim’in şehzadelik dönemine odaklanarak üzerine pek fazla bilgimizin olmadığı bir alan olan Osmanlı diplomasisini inceledik. Modern Osmanlı Devleti’nin oluşumu ve egemenlik anlayışı gibi kavramlar çerçevesinde bir şehzadenin diplomatik etkinliğini ele alarak, gereğinden fazla payitaht merkezli bir Osmanlı siyasi tarihinin de eleştirisini yapmaya çalıştık. 

Even though Ottoman historiography was generally centered on Sultans and their reigns, ironically, it did not produce biographies of these rulers. In this episode, Güneş Işıksel explores Selim II's period as a prince and his role in diplomacy during the reign of his father Suleiman the Magnificent (note: this episode is in Turkish). 




Yeniçağ Osmanlı İmparatorluğu ve Diplomasi Tarihi üzerine uzmanlaşan Dr. Güneş Işıksel Collège de France ve Paris-Sorbonne Üniversitesi'nde (Paris IV) doktora sonrası çalışmalarını yürütmektedir. (see academia.edu)
Yeniçağ Akdeniz ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu üzerine uzmanlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi Tarih Bölümü'nde ders vermektedir. (see academia.edu)

Citation: "Diplomat bir Şehzade'nin portresi: II. Selim," Güneş Işıksel, Emrah Safa Gürkan, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 87 (January 4, 2013) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2013/01/sultan-selim-ii-biography-prince-diplomat.html

Select Bibliography


Güneş Işıksel, "A letter of Shahzade Selîm to Charles IX of France on  “Nassi Affair”", Cuadernos de Estudos Sefarditas, VII (2007): 245-254.
Güneş Işıksel, "La politique étrangère ottomane dans la seconde moitié du XVe siècle : le cas du règne de Selîm II (1566-1574)" (Doktora Tezi, EHESS, 2012).

İsmail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı, "İran Şahı’na İltica Etmiş Olan Şehzade Bayezid`in Teslimi için Sultan Süleymân ve Oğlu Selim Tarafından Şah’a Gönderilen Altınlar ve Kıymetli Hediyeler", Belleten, XXIV/93 (1960): 103-110.

Gilles Veinstein, "Une lettre de Selim II au roi de Pologne Sigismond-Auguste sur la campagne d’Astrakhan de 1569", Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes, LXXXII (1992): 397-420.

Gilles Veinstein, "Autour de la lettre de Selim II aux andalous et des origines de la guerre de Chypre", in Encarnación Sanchez, García Pablo Martín Asuero, Michele Bernardini (éd.), España y el Oriente islámico entre los siglos XV y XVI. Imperio Otomano, Persia y Asia central (Istanbul, Isis, 2007): 271-281.

Bülent Arı, "Early Ottoman diplomacy: ad hoc period" in A. Nuri Yurdusev (éd.), Ottoman diplomacy: conventional or unconventional? (Basingstoke, Palgrave, 2004): 36-65.

Metin Kunt, “A prince goes forth (perchance to return)” in Identity and Identity Formation in the Ottoman World: A Volume of Essays in Honour of Norman Itzkowitz, eds. B. Tezcan and Karl K. Barbir (Wisconsin: Wisconsin University Press, 2007), pp. 63-71

Music: Golden Horn Ensemble - Hicaz Sirto