Missionaries and the Making of the Muslim Brotherhood

with Beth Baron

hosted by Chris Gratien and Susanna Ferguson

In this episode, Beth Baron discusses the historical context of the Muslim Brotherhood's rise during the interwar period and how the organization's activities and goals were shaped by the actions of European missionaries in Egypt.

Beth Baron is Professor of History at City University of New York (CUNY), the Graduate Center and direct of the Middle East and Middle Eastern American Center (MEMEAC). She has written extensively on the gender, the press, nationalism, and politics in modern Egypt.
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)
Susanna Ferguson is a PhD student in Middle Eastern History at Columbia University, where she focuses on the history of women and gender in the Arab world in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. (see academia.edu)

Episode No. 182
Release date: 8 January 2015
Location: City College of New York, Graduate Center
Editing and Production by Chris Gratien

Images courtesy of Beth Baron

Select Publications of Beth Baron

The Orphan Scandal: Christian Missionaries and the Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood. Stanford University Press, 2014.

Egypt As a Woman: Nationalism, Gender, and Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.

The Women's Awakening in Egypt: Culture, Society, and the Press. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.


A representation of Egypt press and its critiques of missionary privileges in interwar Egypt. Captions read: "Every one of the knights is a chivalrous here... fighting those who are hidden in the fortress of colonialism" From Al-Lata'if al-Musawwara, 3 July 1933 in Beth Baron, The Orphan Scandal