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Starting in the fifteenth century, medical doctors from the Italian peninsula began accompanying Venetian consular missions to cities in the Mamluk and Ottoman empires. These doctors treated not only Venetian consular officials, but also local artisans and rulers. In this podcast, Valentina Pugliano discusses the experiences of these travelling doctors both in the Italian peninsula and in the Middle East. We explore their interactions with the local population and their effect on the medical ecology of the Middle East as well as the sources we use to write such histories. Together, the experiences of these doctors point to the connected histories of medicine and science in the early modern Mediterranean.
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|Valentina Pugliano is a Wellcome Trust Research Fellow and JRF at Cambridge University. Her research explores the participation of artisans in fashioning natural history in early modern Italy and histories of Venetian medicine and science in the eastern Mediterranean.|
Nir Shafir is a historian of the Middle East whose research examines the intersections of knowledge production, religious practice, and material culture in the early modern world (1400-1800). He curates Ottoman History Podcast’s series on history of science in addition to being one of the co-founders of hazine.info, a website that explores the archives and libraries of the Islamic world. He is currently an advanced doctoral candidate in the History Department at UCLA.
Episode No. 232
Release Date: 18 March 2016
Recording Location: San Francisco, CA
Editing by Onur Engin (funded by a paid assistantship at Koç University under the supervision of Nina Ergin)
Production by Chris Gratien
Sound excerpts via imingigong on archive.org: Scarlatti Domenico-(Keyboard)Piano Sonata K.116 (L.452) in C minor (Allegro), Andras Schiff (Piano); Scarlatti Domenico-(Keyboard)Piano Sonata K.105 (L.204) in G major (Allego), John Browning (Piano).
Image "Jan van Grevenbroeck (1731-1807), Venetian doctor during the time of the plague" via Wikipedia
|Taeschner, Franz. Alt-Stambuler Hof- und Volksleben: ein türkische Miniaturenalbum aus dem 17. Jahrhundert. Hannover: Orient-Buchhandlung Heinz Lafaire, 1925, Plate 48|
Nancy G. Siraisi, History, Medicine and the Traditions of Renaissance Learning (Michigan, 2007), pp. 225-60.
Sonja Brentjes, ‘The Interests of the Republic of Letters in the Middle East’, Science in Context, 12/3 (1999): 435-68.
Eric R. Dursteler, Venetians in Constantinople: Nation, Identity, and Coexistence in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Baltimore, 2006), pp. 23-40.
Francesca Lucchetta, ‘Il medico del bailaggio di Costantinopoli: Fra terapie e politica (secc. XV-XVI)’, Quaderni Studi Arabi, 15 (1997): 5-50.
Valentina Pugliano, “Accountability, Autobiography and Belonging: The Working Journal of a Sixteenth-Century Diplomatic Physician from Venice to Damascus,” in A. Kinzelbach, J.A. Mendelsohn and R. Schilling, eds., Physician, Polity and Pen in Early Modern Europe (Ashgate, The History of Medicine in Context, 2016, forthcoming).