Jan 23, 2017

The Politics of News in Colonial Algeria

Episode 295

hosted by Nir Shafir

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We often assume that as we become increasingly connected to ever larger networks of information and news we become part of larger and more cohesive polities. In this episode, Arthur Asseraf discusses how the introduction of new networks of communication in colonial Algeria generated friction and unevenness instead of expansive flows. Looking at telegraphs, newspapers, cinemas and more we discuss not only the types of intermediaries that flourished in this new environment, but also how news led to new and imagined forms of Muslim belonging in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. From a discussion of telegrams and coffee shops we jump into discussions of pan-Islamism, colonial conspiracy theories, and the nature of polities.

Jan 19, 2017

Ottoman Governance and the House of Phanar

Episode 294

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In this episode, Christine Philliou traces the story of Istanbul's Phanariots, a group of wealthy, "Greek-identified" families who rose to play a central role in Ottoman foreign policy and diplomacy in the 17th and 18th centuries. What happened to these families in the tumultuous years preceding and following Greek independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1832? In this episode, we explore the biography of Phanariot Stephanos Vogorides and ask what his story has to offer Ottoman history. His story and that of the Phanariots shed light on Ottoman governance and diplomacy, as well as relations between Muslims, Christians, Ottomans, and Greeks in the important but often-overlooked moment just prior to the 19th century reforms known as the Tanzimat.

Jan 15, 2017

Opium Smuggling in Interwar Turkey and Beyond

Episode 293

hosted by Nir Shafir
featuring additional material by Samuel Dolbee

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The Opium Wars and the massive trade in opium between South Asia and China over the nineteenth century attest to the prominent role of opium within the history of colonialism and globalization. But it is less well known that in the early twentieth century, the Republic of Turkey became the largest exporter of opium in the world. In this episode we speak with Daniel-Joseph Macarthur-Seal about how and why opium became an export commodity in Turkey and how Turkish citizens smuggled the substance out once it became formally illegal. Along the way we gain a glimpse into the economic history of the young republic, the legal life of its citizens abroad, and how these smuggling operations built new forms of cosmopolitanism from the ground up as the Turkish republic became less and less accommodating for non-Muslims.

Jan 11, 2017

19. Yüzyıl Osmanlı Saray ve İstanbul Mutfak Kültürü

292. Bölüm

Bölümü indir

Ottoman History Podcast'in bu bölümünde, Özge Samancı ile Osmanlı’da saray, elit mutfağı ve sokak yemek kültürü üzerine bir sohbet gerçekleştirdik. Osmanlı saray mutfaklarında çalışanlar arasında nasıl bir işbölümü olduğuna ve mutfağın mekansal düzenine değindik. Alaturka ve alafranga mutfak kültüründe, yemek ve içecek olarak tüketilen ürünleri ve nasıl tüketildiklerinin yanı sıra tüketim alışkanlıklarının kültürel ve toplumsal boyutunu da ele almaya çalıştık.

Yayın Tarihi: 11 Ocak 2017

Jan 8, 2017

Islam, Psychoanalysis, and the Arabic Freud

Episode 291

hosted by Susanna Ferguson

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A tale of mutual ignorance between psychoanalysis and Islam has obscured the many creative and co-constitutive encounters between these two traditions of thought, both so prominent in the 20th century. This presumed incommensurability has hardened the lines between the "modern subject," assumed to be secular and Western, and its Others, often associated with Islam or with the East. In this episode on her forthcoming book, The Arabic Freud, Dr. Omnia El Shakry asks what it might mean to think psychoanalysis and Islam together as a "creative encounter of ethical engagement." She shows how psychoanalysts and thinkers in Egypt after World War II drew on Freud and Horney alongside Ibn 'Arabi and Abu Bakr al-Razi to explore the nature of the modern subject, the role of the unconscious, and the gendered process of ethical attunement. In so doing, she suggests that Arabic psychoanalytic texts were neither epiphenomenal to politics nor simply political allegory for nationalism or decolonization; rather, we have ethical and historiographical responsibilities to read these texts and others like them as something more than a product of their time.

Release Date: 8 January 2017

Jan 5, 2017

The Politics of Turkish Language Reform

Episode 290

  hosted by Chris Gratien and Aurélie Perrier
  featuring Seçil Yılmaz and Nir Shafir

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National language politics and the transformation of literacy have effected major changes in both spoken and written language over the course of the last century, but few languages have changed as dramatically as modern Turkish. The reform of the language from the 1920s onward, which not only replaced the Ottoman alphabet with a new Latin-based alphabet but also led to a radical transformation of the lexicon and grammar, has been described by Geoffrey Lewis as "catastrophic success" due to the extreme but unquestionably successful nature of this attempt to revolutionize language in Turkey. In this episode, we talk to Emmanuel Szurek about his research on the politics of the alphabet change, the language reforms, and the surname laws of the early Republican period. Our extended interview is followed by a brief conversation in French about the history of French Turcology.

Release Date: 4 January 2017