|Zanzibar, Street scene|
Matson Photo Service, 1936
Zanzibar and the Swahili coast of East Africa sat at the interface of the Ottoman world, the Indian Ocean, and the rich mainland. When Portuguese sailors began to enter the Indian Ocean trade networks during the sixteenth century, the region also came within the sphere of European maritime empires. However, before Zanzibar entered into any lasting a colonial relationship with a European power (the British at the end of the nineteenth century), a dynasty based in Muscat (modern-day Oman) that had its own imperial visions controlled the island. In this podcast, Jeffrey Dyer reconstructs the historical context of early nineteenth-century Zanzibar, the role of the Busaidi sultans of Muscat and Zanzibar among global empires, and connections to late-Ottoman dabbling in imperial influence.
Jeffery Dyer is a PhD candidate at Boston College studying Ottoman global history
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate studying the history of the modern Middle East at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)
Citation: "Zanzibar: Imperial Visions and Ottoman Connections," Jeffery Dyer and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 82 (December 1, 2012) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2012/11/zanzibar-swahili-coast-africa-imperialism.html.
|Zanzibar motor road bordered by clove trees and stately palms,1936|
Maston Photo Service (LOC - http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/mpc2010003156/PP/)
|Drying cloves at Zanzibar, c. 1890-1923 - Carpenter Collection (LOC - http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2001705556/)|
|Zanzibar, Bags of cloves, 1936 - Matson Photo Service (LOC - http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/mpc2010003176/PP/)|
|Zanzibar fruit market, 1936 - Matson Photo Service (LOC - http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/mpc2010003166/PP/)|
Note for the listener: This podcast is based in part on primary source research. It also makes use of publicly available information and draws from the following works below, which are also mentioned during the course of the episode. For the purposes of academic citation, we encourage you to consult these works as well.
Benett, Norman Robert. A History of the Arab State of Zanzibar. London: Methuen & Co., 1978
Burton, Richard Francis. Zanzibar: City, Island, Coast. London: Tinsley, 1872.
Kavas, Ahmed. "Dogu Afrika Sahlinde Osmanli Hakimiyeti: Kuzey Somali'de Zeyla Iskelesinin Konumu (1265-1334/1849-1916)" Islam Arastirmalari Dergisi 5 (Istanbul, 2001) 109-134.
Kumar, Ravinder. “The Dismemberment of Oman and British Policy Towards the Persian Gulf.” Islamic Culture. Vol. 36 (1962): 8-19.
Toledano, Ehud R. The Ottoman Slave Trade and Its Suppression, 1840-1890. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 1982.
Uğur, Hatice. Osmanlı Afrika'sında Bir Sultanlık Zengibar. Küre Yayınları 2005.
Episode Music: Master Musicians of Tanzania - Lukunzi