Aug 30, 2013

Osmanlı Döneminde Bursa Otelleri

İsmail Yaşayanlar

Osmanlı'nın erken dönemlerinden beri önemli ticaret yolları üzerinde bulunan Bursa, kimi tarihçilere göre imparatorluk sınırları içinde kapitalist ilişkilere erken giren Osmanlı şehirlerinden biridir. On dokuzuncu yüzyıla gelindiğinde Bursa'da sanayileşme yönünde değişmeye başlayan üretim ilişkileri ve imparatorluğu boydan boya sarmaya başlayan Batılılaşma etkisi Bursa'da, Osmanlı'nın ticari ilişkileri yoğun diğer pek çok kentinde olduğu gibi, tüketim alışkanlıklarının da yavaş yavaş değişmeye başlamasına yol açtı. Bu podcastimizde İsmail Yaşayanlar "Osmanlı Dönemi Bursa Otelleri" çalışmasıyla 19. yüzyıl Bursa'sında gözlemlenebildiği şekliyle, imparatorluğun kimi kentlerinde değişen ve gelişen bu yeni tüketim alışkanlıklarının "turizm" boyutuna dikkat çekiyor.



İsmail Yaşayanlar, Uludağ Üniversitesi Tarih Bölümü doktora öğrencisidir. Yaşayanlar'ın "Osmanlı Dönemi Bursa Otelleri" isimli çalışması 2012 yılı Yılmaz Akkılıç Bursa Araştırmaları Ödülü'nü aldı. (bknz. academia.edu)
Elçin Arabacı, Georgetown Üniversitesi Tarih Bölümü doktora öğrencisidir. Halen ondokuzuncu yüzyılda Bursa'da sivil toplum üzerine doktora araştırmasını sürdürmektedir. (bknz. academia.edu)

Müzik: Müzeyyen Senar - Bursalı Mısın Kadifeli Gelin


GÖRSELLER


1880’lerde Fransız sigorta şirketi tarafından hazırlanan haritada Hotel Bellevue

Hotel Bellevue (Sébah & Joaillier)

Hotel Bellevue’ye ait reklam

Hotel Splendid (Kartpostal)

Abdülkadir Kadri’nin Bursa Rehberi adlı eserinde
Hotel Splendid’e ait tanıtım

Hotel Splendid’de konaklayan Salarüddevle Kaçar’a ait fatura (BOA., DH.EUM. 2. ŞB., 19/13, 14 Cumadelahire 1334 [19 Mart 1916])

1880’lerde Fransız sigorta şirketi tarafından hazırlanan haritada Hotel d’Anatolie

Hotel d’Anatolie (Kartpostal)

Hotel d’Anatolie bahçesinde yemek (Anonim)

Hotel d’Anatolie’den gönderilmiş bir mektup zarfı

Mustafa Suat’ın Musavver Rehber-i Seyyahin adlı eserinde Hotel d’Anatolie’ye ait reklam

Hotel Continental (Kartpostal)

Şark Oteli (Raif Kaplanoğlu Arşivi)
SEÇME KAYNAKÇA

Abdülkâdir Kadri, Bursa Rehberi, Bursa: Hilâl-i Muîn Matbaası, 1913

Ahmed Tevfik, Hudâvendigâr Vilâyeti Dâhilinde Velosiped ile Bir Cevelân, İstanbul: Yovanaki Penayotidis Matbaası, 1316

BARKLEY, Henry C., A Ride Through Asia Minor and Armenia, London: John Murray, 1891

BEAUFORT, Emily A., Egyptian Sepulchres and Syrian Shrines Including A Visit to Palmyra, London: Macmillan & Co., 1874

BEAUMONT, Adalbert De, Voyage en Asie Mineure-I: Brousse, Vol. I, Paris: Gide et J. Baudry, 1852

BERNARD, C.A., Les Bains De Brousse en Bithynie (Turqui ed’Asia), Constantinople: Mille Freres, 1842

BURGESS, Richard, Greece and Levant or Diary of a Summer’s Excursion in 1834 with Epistolary Supplements, Vol. II, London: Longman, 1835

CARLISLE, George William Frederick, Diary in Turkish and Greek Waters, Ed. C.C.Felton, Boston: Hickling-Swan and Brown, 1855

DASKALOV, Petır, Bulgar Gözüyle Bursa, Haz.Hüseyin Mevsim, İstanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2009

DAVEY, Richard, The Sultan and His Subjects, London: Chatte and Windus, 1907

De Paris A Constantinople, Collection Des Guides Joanne, Paris: Librairie Hachette, 1902

DELBEUF, Régis, De Constantinople A Brousse Et a Nicée, Constantinople: 1906

DUTEMPLE, Edmond, En Turquie D’Asie, Notes De Voyage En Anatolie, Paris: G. Charpentier, 1883

DOSTOĞLU, Neslihan, Osmanlı Döneminde Bursa - 19. Yüzyıl Ortalarından 20. Yüzyıla Bursa Fotoğrafları, Antalya: AKMED Yayınları, 2001

ELSTON, Roy, The Traveller’s Handbook for Constantinople, Gallipoli and Asia Minor, London: Thos. Cook and Son, 1923

ERDER, Leila Thayer, The Making of Industrial Bursa: Economic Activity and Population In A Turkish City 1835-1975 [Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi], New Jersey: Princeton University, 1976

Fatma Fahrünnisa Hanım, “Hüdâvendigâr Vilâyetinde Kısmen Bir Cevelân”, Seyahatnâmelerde Bursa, Haz. Nurşen Günaydın ve Raif Kaplanoğlu, Bursa: Bursa Ticaret Borsası Yayını, 2000, ss.186-201

GALLENGA, A., Two Years Of The Eastern Question, Vol. II, London: Samuel Tinsley, 1877

HAMMER, Joseph von, Umblick Auf Einer Reise von Constantinopel Nach Brussa und Dem Olympos und Von De Zurück Über Nicäa und Nicomedien, Pesth: Adolph Hartleben, 1818

HAWLEY, Walter A., Asia Minor, London: John Lane The Bodley Head, 1918

HUMANN, Karl, Otto Puchstein, Reisen in Kleinasien und Nordsyrien, Berlin: Verlag von Dietrich Reimer, 1890

JOUANNİN, M.J.M., Turquie, Paris: Firmin Didot Freres, 1840

KINÇOV, Vasil, Bulgar Gözüyle Bursa, Haz.Hüseyin Mevsim, İstanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2009

LATOUR, Antonie de, Voyage de S.A.R. Monseigneur le Duc de Montpensier à Tunis, en Egypte, en Turquie et en Grèce, Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 1881

LAUNAY, Marie De, Bonkowski Bey, Bursa ve Çevresi, Çev. Ahmed Ata, İstanbul: Kırk Ambar Matbaası, 1881

MAC FARLANE, Charles, Turkey and Its Destiny, Vol. I-II, London: John Murray, 1850

MALTE, Nouvelles Annales des Voyages de la Géographie et de l’Historie, Vol. 5, Paris: Bertrand, 1820

MARCOSSON, Isaac F., “Kemal Pasha”, The Saturday Evening Post, 20 October 1923

MARSBERG, Alexander Freiherrn von, Ein Sommer im Orient, Wien: Brade und Verlag von Carl Gerald’s John, 1869

Miss Pardoe, The City of the Sultan and Domestic Manners of The Turks in 1836, Vol. II, London: Henry Colburn Publishing, 1838

MONK, Charles James, The Golden Horn and Sketches in Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria and The Hauroan, Vol. I, London: Richard Bentley, 1851

MURRAY, John(Ed.), A Handbook For Travellers in Turkey Describing Constantinople, European Turkey, Asia Minor, Armenia and Mesopotamia, Third Edition, London: John Murray, 1854

PERROT, Georges, Souvenirs D’un Voyage en Asie Mineure, Paris: Michel Levy Freres, 1864

PERTHES, M. Boucher De, A Constantinople Par L’Italie, La Sicile Et La Grece, Paris: Treuttel Et Wurtz, 1855

PFEİFFER, Madame Ida L., Visit To The Holy Land, Egypt and Italy, Trans. H.W. Dulcken, London: Ingrem-Cooke and Co., 1852

PHILLIPPSON, Alfred, Reisen und Froschungen im Westlichen Kleinasien, Vol. III, Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1913

ROGERON, Gabriel, Souvenirs D’un Voyage en Orient, Paris: Alphese-Picard et Fils, 1900

SARISAMAN, Sadık, “Birinci Dünya Savaşı’nda Salarüddevle Olayı”, Atatürk Üniversitesi Türkiyat Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi, S.2, 1995, ss.149-153

SCHNEİDER, Elisa Abott, Letters From Broosa-Asia Minor, Chambersburg: Samuel Gutelius, 1846

TAYLOR, Bayard, The Lands of The Saracen On Pictures of Palestine, Asia Minor, Sicily an Spain, New York: G.P. Putnam & Co., 1855

WALKER, Mary A., Eastern Life and Scenery With Excursions in Asia Minor, Mytilene, Crete and Roumania, Vol. II, London: Chapman and Hall Limited, 1886

WALSH, Robert, A Residence at Constantinople During a Period Including The Commencement, Progress and Termination of The Greek and Turkish Revolutions, Vol. II, London: Frederic Westley and A.H. Davis, 1836

VIESSE, Auguste Frederic Louis de (Viesse) Mormont-Duc De Raguse, Voyage Du M. Le Maréchal Duc De Raguse, Vol. II, Bruxelles: Societe Typograpique, 1837


Aug 23, 2013

World War I and the Ottoman Home Front

with Yiğit Akın

hosted by Chris Gratien and Seçil Yılmaz

While World War I was the result of a political conflict, it touched the lives of nearly every segment of Ottoman society in often tragic ways. Yet, the lived experience of Ottoman citizens on the home front is often an ignored aspect of the war's historiography. In this episode, Yiğit Akın offers a social history perspective on the conflict, focusing on basic questions like food, labor, and resources as they related to the war and giving particular attention to the experience of women and internally displaced peoples.




Yiğit Akın is an Assistant Professor of History at Tulane University
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate in the Department of History at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)
Seçil Yılmaz is a doctoral candidate in the Department of History at City University of New York studying disease and medicine in the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey (see academia.edu)

Episode Music: Erkan Oğur, "Hey Onbeşli" and "Yemen Türküsü"

Citation: "World War I and the Ottoman Home Front," Yiğit Akın, Chris Gratien, and Seçil Yılmaz, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 119 (August 23, 2013) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2013/08/world-war-i-ottoman-empire.html.

Other OHP resources on the First World War

#86 Indian POWs in the Ottoman Empire during the First World War
#103 Komitas: a Biographical Mixtape
#85 Christmas and Diplomacy during World War I
#22 Jafar al-Askeri: Modernization, Martial Discipline and Post-Ottoman Iraq
#11 World War I and the Ottoman Empire: the Arab Provinces

archival documents

"Women and the War Effort in the Ottoman Empire"
"Holy War on its Head: a French Call for Jihad"
"Ottoman War Stories: A Letter from a Concerned Mother"


SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY


Yiğit Akın, Chris Gratien and Seçil Yılmaz
Kurtuluş, Istanbul, July 2013
Akın, Yiğit. The Ottoman Home Front During World War I Everyday Politics, Society, and Culture. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University, 2011.

Aksakal, Mustafa. The Ottoman Road to War in 1914: The Ottoman Empire and the First World War. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Beşikçi, Mehmet. The Ottoman Mobilization of Manpower in the First World War: Between Voluntarism and Resistance. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

Yanikdağ, Yücel. Healing the Nation: Prisoners of War, Medicine and Nationalism in Turkey, 1914-1939. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2013.

Gingeras, Ryan. Sorrowful Shores: Violence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire, 1912-1923. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Tamārī, Salīm. Year of the Locust A Soldier's Diary and the Erasure of Palestine's Ottoman Past. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. 

IMAGES


Ottoman soldiers headed to the front, 1914



Ottoman soldiers receiving rations


The funeral procession of an Ottoman army officer


Activites of Red Crescent in Palestine during World War I


Women sift through dirt and dung for grain during Great Syrian Famine


Palestinians pushing locusts into a trap


Christian orphanage at Baquba, Iraq

Aug 21, 2013

Holy War on Its Head: a French Call for Jihad




published 21 August 2013

A French Call For Jihad

Ottoman Recruitment in Tiberias, Palestine (1914)
By the Fall of 1915, Ottoman society was in the throes of the most trying period of World War I. Famine and food shortages reached many parts of the empire. The deportations and massacres of Armenians that would come to be known as the Armenian Genocide were well underway. Gallipoli had become one of the bloodiest arenas of the war in the Ottoman realm during a summer offensive by the Allies in which both sides suffered heavily casualties under the added pressures of diseases such as malaria and dysentery.

The Ottomans' opponents (along with their allies) in the war had planned and speculated about the defeat and division of the Ottoman Empire from its beginning, and the liberating discourse of nationalism was increasingly seen as a potential rallying cry that would galvanize opposition among the various religious and ethnic minorities residing in Anatolia and Syria against the ruling CUP. It is within this context that this letter to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs emerged offering a potential strategy that involved using the Ottomans' own words against them.

The news that the Ottoman Empire had declared World War I to be a "holy war," inviting the participation of all Muslim subjects regardless of ethnicity, was well-publicized in the West and decried as a self-serving Pan-Islamic discourse deployed by the Ottoman state. The author of this letter, Gustave Gauthier, a French officer with 18 years experience in the Ottoman and Arab realms, offered a way to turn this rhetoric against the empire by playing on nationalist sentiments, emphasizing the illegitimacy of a "Turkish" caliph and calling for a return of the Caliphate to its rightful place in the Arab world. Of course, he argues that all of this will be in French interest, helping to secure "our victory" against the Ottomans.

Thus, we find in this letter a French call to holy war against the Ottomans that invokes both the historical example of Selim I's conquest of Egypt in 1517 as well as evidence from the Quran and sayings of the Prophet emphasizing the centrality of Arabic language and Arabia within Islam in order to argue for the replacement of the Turkish caliphate with an Arab one. For those not fully convinced, he also offers an additional civilizational argument stressing the incompatibility of Turkish rule with progress. He concludes with a definitive statement about the true meaning of holy war in the World War I context that embraces warriors of all faiths: "Holy war is no longer a religious war that the masters or servants of Turkey can incite in order to defend their personal interests. In 1915, holy war has become for all religions the war of the allies, the war for civilization, the war against the Turks."




Source: MAE La Courneuve, Guerre 852, Turkey 8 Dossier General, Sep-Nov 1915, no. 12

Aug 16, 2013

Colonialism, Sovereignty, and Medicine in Ottoman Lebanon | Philippe Bourmaud

This episode is part of our series on Islamic law

Download the series
Podcast Feed | iTunes | Hipcast | Soundcloud


During the nineteenth century, the increasing professionalization of medical practice led to the emergence of new institutions and laws governing legitimate use of medical knowledge. In the Ottoman Empire, the arrival of European medical schools and establishments led to tensions regarding the sovereignty of the empire over the medical realm in its own domains. This episode with Philippe Bourmaud follows the debates and conflicts over the establishment of the French medical school of Saint-Joseph in Beirut during the late Ottoman period and their meaning for own understanding of imperialism and colonialism in the Ottoman world. 

Stream via Soundcloud (US / preferred)

Stream via Hipcast (Turkey / Türkiye)


Philippe Bourmaud is an Assistant Professor of History at Jean Moulin - Lyon 3 University (see academia.edu)
Sam Dolbee is a PhD candidate in the department of Middle East Studies at New York University
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate in the Department of History at Georgetown University (see academia.edu)
Seçil Yılmaz is a doctoral candidate in the Department of History at City University of New York studying disease and medicine in the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey (see academia.edu)

Episode No. 118
Release date: 16 August 2013
Location: Kurtuluş, Istanbul
Editing and production by Chris Gratien
Bibliography courtesy of Philippe Bourmaud

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Betty S. ANDERSON, The American University of Beirut : Arab Nationalism and Liberal Education, University of Texas Press, 2011

Robert BLECHER, The Medicalization of Sovereignty: Medicine, Public Health, and ¨Political Authority in Syria, 1861-1936, PhD, Stanford University, 2002

Sylvia CHIFFOLEAU, Médecines et Médecins en Égypte: Construction d'une Identité Professionnelle et Projet Médical, L'Harmattan, 1997

Jean DUCRUET, Un Siècle de Coopération Franco-Libanaise au Service des Professions de Santé, Imprimerie Catholique, 1992

Chantal VERDEIL, « Naissance d'une Nouvelle Elite Ottomane. Formation et Trajectoires des Médecins Diplômés de Beyrouth à la Fin du XIXe Siècle », in Revue du Monde Musulman et de la Méditerranée, 121-122, 04/2008, p. 217-237.

Elise G. YOUNG, Gender and Nation Building in the Middle East. The Political Economy of Health from Mandate Palestine to Refugee Camps in Jordan, I.B. Tauris, 2012.

IMAGES

Saint-Joseph faculty of medicine in Beirut, dissection in anatomy laboratory (c1898-99)

Franco-Ottoman jury at Faculty of Medicine, November 1907

Aug 9, 2013

Sufism and Society in the Ottoman Empire | John Curry



117.    Tekkes and Tariqas

Sufism has played an important role in Muslim spiritual, intellectual, and political life since the earliest periods of Islam's spread throughout the Middle East and North Africa. In this episode, John Curry discusses the history of Sufism and its place during the Ottoman period, exploring the intellectual, political, and social dimensions of Sufi movements.


iTunes

John J. Curry is an Assistant Professor of History at University of Nevada, Las Vegas (see faculty page)
Nir Shafir is a PhD candidate at UCLA studying Ottoman intellectual history (see academia.edu)
Emrah Safa Gürkan is an Assistant Professor at 29 Mayıs University whose research focuses on the early modern Mediterranean (see academia.edu)

SELECT PUBLICATIONS

Curry, John J., and Erik S. Ohlander. Sufism and Society: Arrangements of the Mystical in the Muslim World, 1200-1800. London: Routledge, 2012.

Curry, John J. The Transformation of Muslim Mystical Thought in the Ottoman Empire The Rise of the Halveti Order, 1350-1650. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2010.

Curry, John J. "Defending the Cult of Saints in Seventeenth-Century Kastamonu" in Colin Imber and Keiko Kiyotaki. Frontiers of Ottoman Studies State, Province, and the West. Volume 1 Volume 1. London: I.B. Tauris, 2005.


Aug 2, 2013

The Kurdish Music Industry: History and Politics


with Alev Kuruoğlu

hosted by Chris Gratien

Şakiro, Dengbej Performer
The situation of Kurdish language and culture in Turkey is one that has been very much in flux within an ever-changing political climate. The Kurdish music industry has become increasingly lively in recent years under more favorable legal conditions, though even still, many feel that the scene remains underground. Because of its tenuous legal status, the production of Kurdish music irrespective of lyrical content has also historically carried an inherent political meaning. Meanwhile, producers and artists operating under difficult conditions have faced challenges when trying to distribute and sell their music. In this podcast, Alev Kuruoğlu discusses the history of Kurdish music recordings both in Turkey and abroad and the development of the Kurdish music industry.

iTunes

Alev Kuruoğlu is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Business at Bilkent University (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)


Şivan Perwer
TRACK LIST

Şakiro - Ez Rebenim
Ayşe Şan - Zeri Heyran
Şivan Perwer - Yar Merhaba
Şivan Perwer - Halepçe
Agire Jiyan - Adare
Koma Amed - Amediye
Ahmet Kaya - Ağladıkça
Kardeş Türküler - Kerwane
Mehmet Atlı - Pişmamo

Further Listening

Note that some of these are re-issues of cassettes produced in Europe in the 1980s/90s, some of them are re-issues of “home” recordings. Therefore, the years in parantheses do not refer to the year they were recorded but rather to the date that this particular album, in CD format, was issued. 

Dengbej/ Traditional

Ayşe Şan
Ayşe Şan – Stranen Bijarti (2007) Kom Müzik
Şakiro – Bave Fexro (1998) Aydın Müzik
Karapete Xaço – Edule (2000) Kom Müzik
Aram Tigran – Çiyaye Gebare (2004) Aydın Müzik
Salihe Qubini – Zeyne (2001) Medya Müzik
Ape Bekir – Nalina Serhede (2007) Medya Müzik
Gazin – Evdale Zeynike (2001) Aydın Müzik

Diaspora Artists (active since the 1970s-80s)

Şivan Perwer – Agiri/ Yar Merhaba (1982) – re-issued in Turkey by Ses Plak; Şivanname 1&2 (2012) Pel Records
Nizamettin Ariç – Rojek te; album: Daye (1987), re-issued in Turkey by Ses Plak; Azadi (2011) Kalan Müzik
Beytocan – Axinate Nalinamın (2001) Silvana Müzik
Ali Baran  - Dem e Dem e (2007), Aydın Müzik; Çel Awaz (2012) Baran Müzik
Xemgin Birhat – Jin u Hebun (2012) Kom Müzik

1990s Political Music Scene: Istanbul MKM-based 

Ahmet Kaya
Koma Amed – Derguş (1997 – Ses Plak)
Agire Jiyan – Adare (1995 – Ses Plak)
Koma Denge Azadi – Fedi (1998) Ses Plak
Koma Çiya  - Dilana Besinor (1998) Kom Müzik
Koma Rojhilat – Mezrabotanım Ez (1997)  Kom Müzik

Late 1990s/2000s – New Sounds

Kardeş Türküler – Doğu (1997) Kalan Müzik
Metin-Kemal Kahraman* – Ferfecir (1999) Lizge Müzik (zazaki)
Çarnewa – Mak (2002) Kom Müzik
Agire Jiyan
Aynur (Doğan) – Keçe Kurdan (2004) Kalan Müzik; Rewend (2010) Sony Müzik
Rojda – Sebra Mın (2006) Kom Müzik; Hat (2011) Kom Müzik
Mikail Aslan* – Zernkut (2008 / Kalan Müzik) (zazaki)
Mehmet Atlı – Jahr (2003 Anadolu Müzik); Wenda (2008 Kom Müzik)
Bajar – Nezbe / Yaklaş (2009) Kalan Müzik
Serhado – Heyale Evin (2009) Kom Müzik
Burhan Berken – Evar (2011) Anadolu Müzik
Siya Şeve – Beyom (2012) self-produced (https://myspace.com/siyaseve)