Muslims in the Middle Kingdom | Kelly Hammond

147.     China's Muslim Communities

China is home to one of the world's largest Muslim populations, and the history of Islam in China is almost as old as the religion itself. In this episode, Kelly Hammond offers an overview of the history of Muslims in China, their links to the greater Muslim world, and their experience during the Japanese occupation of the World War II era.

Kelly Hammond is a PhD candidate in East Asian history at Georgetown University researching Muslims in East Asia during WWII. (see
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see


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Aydin, Cemil. The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia: Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007. 
Ben-Dor Benite, Zvi. “From ‘Literati’ to ‘Ulama’: the origins of Chinese Muslim Nationalist historiography.” Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 2004 (9): 83-109.
Islamoglu, Huri and Peter Perdue, eds. Shared histories of modernity—China, India and the Ottoman Empire. London: Routeledge, 2009.
Lipman, Jonathan. Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997.
Mosca, Matthew W. “Empire and the circulation of frontier intelligence: Qing conceptions of the Ottomans.”  Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies. (May 2010) 70:1: 147-207.
Saaler and Szpilman, eds. (2011) Pan-Asianism: A Documentary History. Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2011.


Chinese-Arabic dictionary, c. 1910

Beijing Mosque, c.1930

Chinese Islamic calligraphy