Oil, Grand Strategy, and the Ottoman Empire

Episode 9

with Anand Toprani
 hosted by Chris Gratien and Emrah Safa Gürkan

Oil and imperialism have played a major role in shaping the modern Middle East. Anand Toprani sits down to discuss the origins of the Turkish Petroleum Company and international speculation on Iraq's oil reserves, beginning with the Ottomans at the and leading up to the invasion of Iraq in 2003.

Anand Toprani is a PhD candidate studying oil and grand strategy in the history of the twentieth century at Georgetown University
Chris Gratien is a PhD student studying the history of the modern Middle East at Georgetown University
Emrah Safa Gurkan is a PhD candidate studying the history of the early modern Mediterranean at Georgetown University

Episode No. 9
Release date: 5 April 2011


Earle, Edward Mead, “The Turkish Petroleum Company – A Study in Oleaginous Diplomacy,” Political Science Quarterly 39: 2 (June 1924), 265-277.

Jones, Geoffrey, The State and the Emergence of the British Oil Industry (London, 1981).

Eichholtz, Dietrich, Deutsche Ölpolitik im Zeitalter der Weltkriege (Leipzig, 2010)

Kent, Marian, Oil and Empire: British Policy and Mesopotamian Oil, 1900-1920 (London, 1976).

Idem, Moguls and Mandarins: Oil, Imperialism, and the Middle East in British Foreign Policy, 1900-1940 (London, 1993).

Mejcher, Helmut, Die Politik und das Öl im Nahen Osten (Stuttgart, 1980, 1990)
Mejcher, Helmut, Imperial Quest for Oil: Iraq, 1910-1928 (London, 1976).

Sampson, Anthony, The Seven Sisters: The Great Oil Companies and the World They Shaped(New York, 1975).

Stivers, William, Supremacy and Oil: Iraq, Turkey, and the Anglo-American World Order 1918-1930 (Ithaca, 1982).

U.S. Senate, Select Committee on Small Business, International Petroleum Cartel (Reprint), 94th Congress, 1st Session (Washington DC, 1975).

Venn, Fiona, Oil Diplomacy in the Twentieth Century (New York, 1986).

Yergin, Daniel, The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power (New York, 1991).

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