Child and Nation in Early Republican Turkey

with Yasemin Gencer

hosted by Chris Gratien and Emily Neumeier

Following the World War I period, the founders of a new Turkish Republic sought to define and legitimize the new order as a break with the Ottoman past. In this episode, Yasemin Gencer explains the ways in which  notions such as childhood were used to construct the image of a renewed Turkish society in the nationalist press during the early years of the Republican period.

Yasemin Gencer is a PhD candidate at Indiana University studying Art History. (see
Chris Gratien is a PhD candidate in the Department of History at Georgetown University. (see
Emily Neumeier is a PhD student of Ottoman art history at the University of Pennsylvania (see


Citation: "Child and Nation in Early Republican Turkey," Yasemin Gencer, Chris Gratien, and Emily Neumeier, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 102 (April 19, 2013)


Chris Gratien and Yasemin Gencer / Kurtuluş, Istanbul
Gencer, Yasemin, "We Are Family: The Child and Modern Nationhood in Early Turkish Republican Cartoons (1923-28)," Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 2012 Volume 32, Number 2: 294-309.
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London and New York: Verso, 2006.
Breuilly, John. Nationalism and the State. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1993.
Brummett, Palmira J. Image and Imperialism in the Ottoman Revolutionary Press, 1908-1911. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000. 
Cristi, Marcela. From Civil to Political Religion: The Intersection of Culture, Religion and Politics. Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2001. 
Çeviker, Turgut. Gelişim Sürecinde Türk Karikatürü-III. Istanbul: Adam (Anadolu) Yayınları, 1991.
Göçek, Fatma Müge, ed. Political Cartoons in the Middle East. Princeton: Markus Weiner Publishers, 1998. 
Karpat, Kemal H. "Historical Continuity and Identity Change or How to be Modern Muslim, Ottoman, and Turk." In Ottoman Past and Today's Turkey, ed. Kemal Karpat, 1–28. Leiden, Boston, and Köln: Brill, 2000. 
Robinson, Kathryn. “Families: Metaphors of Nation (Overview).” In Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures, vol. 2, Family, Law, and Politics, ed. Suad Joseph, 154–60. Leiden: Brill, 2005. 
Sönmez, Cemil. Atatürk’te Çocuk Sevgisi. Ankara: Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi, 2004. 
Ünder, Hasan. “Atatürk İmgesinin Siyasal Yaşamdaki Rolü.” In: Modern Türkiye’de Siyasi Düşünce: Kemalizm, vol. 2. Istanbul: İletişim Yayınevi, 2001.


“The Republic is Walking!” Karagöz (no. 1650, p. 1), 9 January 1924.
 “Ottoman Empire vs. Turkish Republic,” Akbaba (no. 199, p. 1), 30 October 1924.
“When I Grow Up,” Akbaba (no. 407, p. 4), 28 October 1926.
 “Our Father is Coming!” Cumhuriyet (no. 1128, p. 1), 1 July 1927.
 “We Are Saved,” Akbaba (no. 614, p. 1), 29 October 1928.

“The Republic is Walking!” Karagöz (no. 1650, p. 1), 9 January 1924.Source: Yasemin Gencer
 “Ottoman Empire vs. Turkish Republic,” Akbaba (no. 199, p. 1), 30 October 1924.Source: Yasemin Gencer

“When I Grow Up,” Akbaba (no. 407, p. 4), 28 October 1926.Source: Yasemin Gencer

“Our Father is Coming!” Cumhuriyet (no. 1128, p. 1), 1 July 1927.Source: Yasemin Gencer

 “We Are Saved,” Akbaba (no. 614, p. 1), 29 October 1928.
Source: Yasemin Gencer


sedat said…
Yasemin hanım, birazda yapılan inklapllarla alakalı şeyler paylaşsaydınızya,Mesela anayasanın değişmez değişmesi teklif dahi edilemez kanunları arasında şapka olduğunu ve şuan kimsenin giymediğini,Hanım hanımefendi beyefendi ağa paşa demenin yasak olduğunuda paylaşsaydınız, Kemalist inklapların ve değişimin eski ve yeni halini resmetmişsiniz bari tam yapında bişeye benzesin, siz adresinizi yazın fötr şapka yolluyayım en azından şapka giymenize vesile olup davaya sadık kalmanıza yardımcı olmuş olurum. :)

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