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Saturday, April 18, 2015

Central Asians and the Ottoman Empire | Lale Can



E191 | Within nationalist understandings of Turkish identity, connections between Central Asia and the people of modern Turkey are often conceived of in terms of ancient genealogy of Turkic peoples. But as our guest in this episode of Ottoman History Podcast Lale Can illustrates, much more recent bonds forged not by ethnic but rather spiritual affinity during the Ottoman period point to enduring connections between Central Asia and the Ottoman Empire maintained through migration and pilgrimage. In this episode, we discuss Dr. Can's work on Central Asians moving in the Ottoman Empire and the transformation of travel and pilgrimage during the late nineteenth century century.




Lale Can is Assistant Professor of History at The City College of New York, CUNY. She received her Ph.D. in 2012 from the Joint Program in History and Middle East & Islamic Studies at NYU and is currently working on her manuscript, tentatively titled Spiritual Citizens: Central Asians and the Politics of Protection and Pilgrimage in the Ottoman Empire, 1869-1914. (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University studying the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. His doctoral research examines the ecological transformation of the Adana region of Southern Turkey from the mid-19th century onward. (see academia.edu)


In a new episode, Chris Gratien talks to Lale Can about her research on links between the Ottoman Empire and Central Asia forged by the movements of migrants and pilgrims.
Posted by Ottoman History Podcast on Saturday, 18 April 2015


Listeners might also like:

Global Ottomans (podcast playlist)
#185 Turks Across Empires | James Meyer
#147 Muslims and the Middle Kingdom | Kelly Hammond
#101 Hydropolitics and the Hajj | Michael Christopher Low


SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Primary sources
Muhammad Oxund Toshkandiy, Hajjnoma-i Turkiy, Biruni Institute of Oriental Studies, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. MS Turki IVANUz no. 12057.

Üsküdar Sultantepesi’nde kâin Özbekler Dergahının Nüfus ve Kayıt Defteri fî 1 Zilkade 1316 fî 1 Mart 1315 [entries for 13 March 1899 through 9 December 1906] Sultantepe Özbekler Tekkesi Private Archive.

Secondary sources
Brower, Daniel. “Russian Roads to Mecca: Religious Tolerance and Muslim Pilgrimage,” Slavic Review, vol. 55, no. 3 (Autumn, 1996), 567-584.

Can, Lale. “Connecting People: The Sultantepe Özbekler Tekke and Nineteenth-Century Ottoman-Central Asian Interactions.” Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 46, part 2, March 2012. Republished in Sites of Asian Interaction: Ideas, Networks and Mobility, eds Sunil Amrith and Tim Harper (Cambridge University Press, 2014).

Green, Nile. "Spacetime and the Muslim Journey West: Industrial Communications in the Making of the 'Muslim World'", American Historical Review 118, 2 (2013).

Green, Nile. "The Rail Hajjis: The Trans-Siberian Railway and the Long Way to Mecca", in Venetia Porter (ed.), Hajj: Collected Essays (British Museum, 2013).

Kane, Eileen. “Odessa as Hajj Hub, 1880s-1910s” in Russia in Motion: Cultures of Human Mobility since 1850, edited by John Randolph and  Eugene M. Avrutin (University of Illinois Press, 2012). 

Khalid, Adeeb. “Pan-Islamism in practice: The rhetoric of Muslim unity and its uses” in Elisabeth Özdalga (ed.) Late Ottoman Society: The Intellectual Legacy (RoutledgeCurzon, 2005).

Le Gall, Dina. A Culture of Sufism:  Naqshbandis in the Ottoman World, 1450-1700  (SUNY Press, 2005).

McChesney, Robert D. “The Central Asian Hajj-Pilgrimage in the Time of the Early Modern Empires,” in Safavid Iran and Her Neighbors, ed. Michel Mazzaoui (University of Utah Press, 2003), 129-156.

Meyer, James. “Immigration, Return and the Politics of Citizenship: Russian Muslims in the Ottoman Empire, 1860-1914,” IJMES 39 (2007), 15-32.

Norihiro Naganawa, “The Hajj Making Geopolitics, Empire, and Local Politics: A View from the Volga-Ural Region at the Turn of the 19th and 20th Centuries, in A.Papas, T. Welford, and T. Zarcone (eds), Central Asian Pilgrims: Hajj Routes and Pious Visits between Central Asia and the Hijaz (Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 2011).

Thum, Rian. The Sacred Routes of Uyghur History (Harvard University Press, 2014).

IMAGES

Map of Central Asia with constructed and projected railways, circa 1891  (Source: Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi, HRT 1213)

MUSIC

from freemusicarchive.org
Zainab Palvanova - Ofarin

Saturday, April 11, 2015

Armenian Migration During the Late Ottoman Period | David Gutman



E190 | For more than a century, waves of Armenian migrants have come to the United States variously seeking economic opportunity or fleeing political violence and persecution. In this episode, Susanna Ferguson sits down with David Gutman to discuss his research on the origins of Armenian migration to the United States and elsewhere during the late Ottoman period, and they explore how shifts in migration patterns reflected the broader political shifts in the empire during its last decades.




David Gutman is an Assistant Professor at Manhattanville College in Purchase, NY. He completed his PhD at Binghamton University with a dissertation titled, "Sojourners, Smugglers, and the State: Transhemispheric Migration Flows and the Politics of Mobility in Eastern Anatolia, 1888-1908." His research interests include the politics of migration and migration control, the intersection of mobility and citizenship, social and political history of Ottoman peripheries, and Ottoman Armenians in the last decades of empire. (academia.edu)
Susanna Ferguson is a PhD candidate in Middle Eastern History at Columbia University, where she focuses on the history of women and gender in the Arab world during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. (academia.edu)

Listeners might also like:

#052 Ottoman Migration from the Eastern Mediterranean | Andrew Arsan
#172 Migrant Workers in Ottoman Anatolia | Chris Gratien
#161 Reconstituting the Stuff of the Nation | Lerna Ekmekçioğlu
#174 The Life of Zabel Yessayan | Jennifer Manoukian
#187 Kurdish Alevi Music and Migration | Ozan Aksoy

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Akçam, Taner and Ümit Kurt. Kanunların Ruhu: Emval-i Metruke Kanunlarında Soykırımın İzini Sürmek. (Istanbul, 2012).

Der Matossian, Bedross. Shattered Dreams of Revolution: From Liberty to Violence in the Late Ottoman Empire. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2014.

Gutman, David. “Agents of Mobility: Migrant Smuggling Networks, Transhemispheric Migration, and Time-Space Compression in Ottoman Anatolia, 1888-1908.” Interdisciplines, 1 (2012), pp. 48-84.

Gutman, David. “Armenian Migration to North America, State Power, and Local Politics in the Late Ottoman Empire.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Vol  34, No. 1 (forthcoming, Spring 2014). 

Khater, Akram Fouad. Inventing Home: Emigration, Gender, and the Middle Class in Lebanon, 1870-1920. (Berkeley, 2001).

Mirak, Robert. Torn Between Two Lands: Armenians in America 1890 to World War I (Cambridge, 1983).

Thursday, April 2, 2015

Cultural Policy and Branding in Turkey | Aslı Iğsız



E189 | Countries, much like companies, must seek to present a certain image to the outside world in order to achieve political and economic goals. As our guest, Aslı Iğsız, demonstrates, this self-presentation can take the form of full-fledged marketing campaigns. In this episode, we explore the marketing policies and strategies adopted in Turkey and the broader Middle East during the past two decades and reflect on how they various match, contradict, and intersect with politics in practice.



Aslı Iğsız is Assistant Professor of Culture and Representation in the Department of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies at New York University. (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)
Nicholas Danforth is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University studying the history of modern Turkey (see academia.edu)


In our new episode, Chris Gratien and Nick Danforth talk to Aslı Iğsız about her research on nation branding in Turkey...

Posted by Ottoman History Podcast on Friday, 3 April 2015


SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Aronczyk, Melissa. Branding the Nation: The Global Business of National Identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Brown, Wendy. Regulating Aversion: Tolerance in the Age of Identity and Empire. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Danforth, Nicholas. "Between Paranoia and Prosperity: Foreign Policy and Popular History in Turkey," Dissent (Winter 2011).

Iğsız, Aslı. “Palimpsests of Multiculturalism and ‘Museumization of Culture’: The Greek-Turkish Population Exchange Museum as an Istanbul 2010 European Capital of Culture Project.” Comparative Studies in South Asian, African, and Middle Eastern Studies. (Forthcoming August 2015)

Iğsız, Aslı. “From Alliance of Civilizations to Branding the Nation: Turkish Studies, Image Wars, and Politics of Comparison in an Age of Neoliberalism.” Turkish Studies. Special Issue, “Turkish Studies from an Interdisciplinary Perspective." 15:4 (December 2014), 689-704.

Iğsız, Aslı. “Brand Turkey and the Gezi Protests: Authoritarianism in Flux, Law, and Neoliberalism,” in The Making of a Protest Movement in Turkey: #Occupy Gezi. Ed. Umut Özkırımlı. (London and New York: Palgrave MacMillan). 2014. [revised version of two previously published Jadaliyya pieces: “Brand Turkey and the Gezi Protests: Authoritarianism, Law, and Neoliberalism” Part One and Two. Jadaliyya. 12-13 July 2013]. 

Music:
Seyyan Hanım - Mazi Kalbimde bir Yaradır
Debo Band - Ambassel