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Sunday, August 24, 2014

Âb-ı Müncemid: Osmanlı'da buz üretimi | Burcu Kurt



171.     Buz, Bira ve Bakteri

Soğutma teknolojisinden önce dahi, kar ve buz gerek Osmanlı sarayı tarafından, gerekse halk tarafından oldukça kullanılan bir meta idi. Bu podcastımızda Burcu Kurt ile sanayileşmenin bu iki metanın üretim ve tüketimini nasıl etkilediğini Osmanlı devleti, toplumu ve ekonomisi açısından ele aldık.

Before the advent of refrigeration technology, snow and ice were frequently used as sources of cool by the Ottoman palace and people. In this podcast, Burcu Kurt explains how the production and consumption of these two products was affected by the industrialization (episode is in Turkish).



Dr. Burcu Kurt İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. (academia.edu).
Yeniçağ Akdeniz ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu üzerine uzmanlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan İstanbul 29 Mayıs Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. (academia.edu)

Citation: "Âb-ı Müncemid: Osmanlı'da buz üretimi," Burcu Kurt, Emrah Safa Gürkan, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 171 (24 August 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/08/osmanli-buzlas.html.

Bu bölümle ilgili:

#145 Ottoman Sea Baths | Burkay Pasin
#095 Ottoman Qur'an Printing | Brett Wilson
#039 Turkish Toothpaste and Legal Imperialism | Chris Gratien

SEÇME KAYNAKÇA

BİLGİN, Arif, Osmanlı Saray Mutfağı 1453-1650, İstanbul: Kitabevi, 2004.
ÇUBUKÇU, Bayhan, Mebrure Değer, “İstanbul’da Osmanlı İmparatorluğu Döneminde Saraya Buz ve Kar Sağlanması”, Türk Dünyası Tarih ve Kültür Dergisi, 218 (2010), s.27-30.
GÖZCÜ, Alev, AKÇİÇEK, Eren, “Osmanlı Mutfağında Kar ve Buz”, I. Türk Mutfak Kültürü Sempozyumu (yay. haz. Arif Bilgin, Özge Samancı), Bilecik: Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi, 2012, s.268-298.
IŞIN, Mary Priscilla, Gülbeşeker: Türk Tatlıları Tarihi, İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2008.
KAPLANOĞLU, Raif, “Saraya Tat Taşıyan Bursalı Aile: Buzcular”, Bursa Araştırmaları, 1 (2003), s.51-54.
KURT, Burcu, “Buz Temininde Sanayileşme ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda Kurulan Buz Fabrikaları”, Ankara Üniversitesi Osmanlı Tarihi Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi Dergisi (OTAM), 30 (2011), s. 73-98.
_____, “Osmanlı Sosyal Hayatında Yenileşmeye Bir Örnek: Buz Temininde Modernleşme ve Dersaadet Buz Fabrikası”, Tarih Boyunca Yenileşme Hareketleri, İstanbul: Kitabevi Yayınları, 2014, s.43-50.
_____, “Kar ve Buz Temininde Modernleşme ve XIX. Yüzyıl İstanbul’unda Karcı Esnafı”, Belleten, yayın aşamasında.
MARTAL, Abdullah, “İzmir Buz Fabrikası”, Tepekule Tarih, C. 2 (2000), s. 86-90.
QUATAERT, Donald, Osmanlı Devleti’nde Avrupa İktisadi Yayılımı ve Direniş (1881-1908), Ankara: Yurt Yayınevi, 1987.
SAMANCI, Özge, “Kar, Şerbet ve Dondurma”, Yemek ve Kültür, 9 (2007), s. 146-150.
SCHWEIGGER, Salomon, Sultanlar Kentine Yolculuk (1578-1581), İstanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2004

Friday, August 15, 2014

Writing the History of Palestine and the Palestinians | Beshara Doumani



170.    Palestine and Its Fragments

Historians face numerous challenges when attempting to excavate the Palestinian past. Palestinians are often erased from the landscape and their voices are wiped from the historical record. This is especially true with regards to the Ottoman past, which despite its immediate relevance for understanding the present, has been largely ignored by scholars. In this episode, Beshara Doumani discusses his experiences in rediscovering Ottoman Palestine and some of the unique challenges facing historians seeking to write the history of Palestinians.


Beshara Doumani is a Professor of History at Brown University. His research examines the history of Palestine as well as family, law, and economy in Ottoman Syria.
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)

Listeners might also like:

#166 The Politics of 1948 in Israeli Archives | Shay Hazkani
#061 Pastoral Nomads and Legal Pluralism in Ottoman Jordan | Nora Barakat
#068 Palestine: The History of a Name | Zachary J. Foster
#084 Palestinianism and Zionism in the late Ottoman Era | Louis Fishman
#041 Ottoman Syria: Agriculture, Economy, and Production | Chris Gratien
#029 Archives and Libraries in Israel/Palestine | Zachary J. Foster

Citation: "Writing the History of Palestine and the Palestinians," Beshara Doumani and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 170 (15 August 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/08/writing-history-palestine.html.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Doumani, Beshara. Rediscovering Palestine Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700-1900. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Doumani, Beshara. 1985. "Palestinian Islamic Court Records: A Source for Socioeconomic History". Middle East Studies Association Bulletin. 19, no. 2: 155-172.

Doumani, Beshara. 2007. "Palestine Versus the Palestinians?: The Iron Laws and Ironies of a People Denied". Journal of Palestine Studies : a Quarterly on Palestinian Affairs and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. 36, no. 4: 49-64.

Davis, Rochelle. Palestinian Village Histories: Geographies of the Displaced. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 2011.

Rafeq, Abdul-Karim, Peter Sluglett, and Stefan Weber. Syria and Bilad Al-Sham Under Ottoman Rule Essays in Honour of Abdul Karim Rafeq. Leiden: Brill, 2010. 

Singer, Amy. Palestinian Peasants and Ottoman Officials: Rural Administration Around Sixteenth-Century Jerusalem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Tamārī, Salīm. Year of the Locust A Soldier's Diary and the Erasure of Palestine's Ottoman Past. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. 

Khoury, Dina Rizk. State and Provincial Society in the Ottoman Empire: Mosul, 1540-1834. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Knopf, 1993.

IMAGES

Nablus during the 1870s (Source: Quarelli, Israel Museum)
Music: Ahmed Qaabour - Ounadikoum

Sunday, August 10, 2014

Astronomy and Islam in late Ottoman Egypt | Daniel Stolz



169.     Science and the Stars

The movements of celestial bodies had long been of tremendous importance within the social and religious spheres throughout the Muslim world. As new understandings of space and time began to emerge during the nineteenth century, longstanding astronomical practices in places such as Egypt witnessed a profound transformation. In this episode, Daniel Stolz discusses the importance of astronomy in nineteenth-century Egypt and the overlapping scientific traditions they practiced.


Daniel Stolz is a postdoctoral fellow in the Program in Science in Human Culture and Department of History at Northwestern University. His research examines the history of science, technology, and Islam since the eighteenth century. (academic page)
Nir Shafir is a doctoral candidate at UCLA studying Ottoman intellectual history. (see academia.edu)

Citation: "Astronomy and Islam in late Ottoman Egypt," Daniel Stolz, Nir Shafir, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 169 (10 August 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/08/history-astronomy-egypt-islam.html.

HISTORY OF SCIENCE SERIES
curated by Nir Shafir

History of Science, Ottoman and Otherwise | Nir Shafir
The Enlightenment and the Ottoman World | Harun Küçük
Alchemy in the Ottoman World | Tuna Artun
Darwin in Arabic | Marwa Elshakry
Reading Clocks Alaturka | Avner Wishnitzer
Astronomy and Islam in late Ottoman Egypt | Daniel Stolz
Across Anatolia on a Bicycle | Daniel Pontillo

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Barak, On. On Time: Technology and Temporality in Modern Egypt. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2013.

Crozet, Pascal. Les sciences modernes en Égypte: transfert et appropriation, 1805-1902. Paris: Geuthner, 2008.

Elshakry, Marwa. Reading Darwin in Arabic. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Wishnitzer, Avner. "Our Time: On the Durability of the Alaturka Hour System in the Late Ottoman Empire,” International Journal of Turkish Studies, 16/1 (2010): 47-69.

Brentjes, Sonja, and Robert G. Morrison. “The Sciences in Islamic Societies.” The New Cambridge History of Islam, Volume 4. Ed. Robert Irwin with William Blair. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

King, David A. In Synchrony with the Heavens: Studies in Astronomical Timekeeping and Instrumentation in Medieval Islam. 2v. Leiden: Brill, 2004. (See especially Part V, “On the role of the muezzin and muwaqqit.”)

Kennedy, E.S. “A Survey of Astronomical Tables.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 46 (New Series), no. 2 (1956), 123-177. (A classic survey of the history of the zij.)

Sayılı, Aydın. The Observatory in Islam and Its Place in the General History of the Observatory. Ankara: Turkish Historical Society, 1960.