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Sunday, August 24, 2014

Migrant Workers in Ottoman Anatolia | Chris Gratien



172.     Mobility and Class in Adana

The nineteenth century was a period when world empires sought to settle nomads and immigrants in the countryside for the purposes of encouraging cultivation and loyalty to expanding states. Yet, at the same time, the economic consequences of global trade created sudden demand for labor that fostered new types of migration and mobility. This is the case in Ottoman Çukurova, where the rise of the cotton industry attracted seasonal labor flows from throughout Anatolia and Syria. In this episode, Chris Gratien explores the world of late Ottoman Adana and the social spaces inhabited and created by the region's itinerant working class.



Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)
Sam Dolbee is a doctoral candidate in the department of Middle East Studies at New York University.

Citation: "Migrant Workers in Ottoman Anatolia," Chris Gratien and Sam Dolbee, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 172 (31 August 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/08/migrant-labor-working-class-anatolia-adana.html.

Listeners might also like:

#154 Miners and the Ottoman State | Donald Quataert
#155 Osmanlı'da İşçiler | Kadir Yıldırım
#078 Agriculture and Autonomy in the Modern Middle East | Graham Pitts
#059 AUB and 1930s Rural Development in Lebanon | Sam Dolbee
#046 Slavery in a Global Context

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Based in part on documents from Ottoman Archives in Istanbul and British National Archives in Kew

Toksöz, Meltem. Nomads, Migrants and Cotton in the Eastern Mediterranean The Making of the Adana-Mersin Region 1850-1908. Leiden: Brill, 2010.

________. " Multiplicity or polarity : a discursive analysis of post-1908 violence in an Ottoman region" in Singer, Amy, Christoph K. Neumann, and Selçuk Akşin Somel. Untold Histories of the Middle East: Recovering Voices from the 19th and 20th Centuries. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2011.

Astourian, Stephan. Testing World-System Theory, Cilicia (1830's-1890's): Armenian-Turkish Polarization and the Ideology of Modern Ottoman Historiography. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of California, Los Angeles, 1996.

Kebikeç. No. 21, "Çukurova" (2006).

Gratien, Chris and Graham Pitts. "Towards an Environmental History of World War I" in Helmut Bley and Anorthe Kremers. The World During the First World War. Essen: Klartext Verlag, 2014.

Tʻērzean, Hakob. Atanayi keankʻě. K. Polis: Tpagrutʻiwn Z.N. Pērpērean, 1909.

Orhan Kemal. Bereketli topraklar üzerinde; roman. Istanbul: Remzi Kitabevi, 1964.

Uran, Hilmi. Adana ziraat amelesi. Adana: Türk Sözü, 1341.

Âb-ı Müncemid: Osmanlı'da buz üretimi | Burcu Kurt



171.     Buz, Bira ve Bakteri

Soğutma teknolojisinden önce dahi, kar ve buz gerek Osmanlı sarayı tarafından, gerekse halk tarafından oldukça kullanılan bir meta idi. Bu podcastımızda Burcu Kurt ile sanayileşmenin bu iki metanın üretim ve tüketimini nasıl etkilediğini Osmanlı devleti, toplumu ve ekonomisi açısından ele aldık.

Before the advent of refrigeration technology, snow and ice were frequently used as sources of cool by the Ottoman palace and people. In this podcast, Burcu Kurt explains how the production and consumption of these two products was affected by the industrialization (episode is in Turkish).



Dr. Burcu Kurt İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. (academia.edu).
Yeniçağ Akdeniz ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu üzerine uzmanlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan İstanbul 29 Mayıs Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. (academia.edu)

Citation: "Âb-ı Müncemid: Osmanlı'da buz üretimi," Burcu Kurt, Emrah Safa Gürkan, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 171 (24 August 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/08/osmanli-buzlas.html.

Bu bölümle ilgili:

#145 Ottoman Sea Baths | Burkay Pasin
#095 Ottoman Qur'an Printing | Brett Wilson
#039 Turkish Toothpaste and Legal Imperialism | Chris Gratien

SEÇME KAYNAKÇA

BİLGİN, Arif, Osmanlı Saray Mutfağı 1453-1650, İstanbul: Kitabevi, 2004.
ÇUBUKÇU, Bayhan, Mebrure Değer, “İstanbul’da Osmanlı İmparatorluğu Döneminde Saraya Buz ve Kar Sağlanması”, Türk Dünyası Tarih ve Kültür Dergisi, 218 (2010), s.27-30.
GÖZCÜ, Alev, AKÇİÇEK, Eren, “Osmanlı Mutfağında Kar ve Buz”, I. Türk Mutfak Kültürü Sempozyumu (yay. haz. Arif Bilgin, Özge Samancı), Bilecik: Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi, 2012, s.268-298.
IŞIN, Mary Priscilla, Gülbeşeker: Türk Tatlıları Tarihi, İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2008.
KAPLANOĞLU, Raif, “Saraya Tat Taşıyan Bursalı Aile: Buzcular”, Bursa Araştırmaları, 1 (2003), s.51-54.
KURT, Burcu, “Buz Temininde Sanayileşme ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu’nda Kurulan Buz Fabrikaları”, Ankara Üniversitesi Osmanlı Tarihi Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi Dergisi (OTAM), 30 (2011), s. 73-98.
_____, “Osmanlı Sosyal Hayatında Yenileşmeye Bir Örnek: Buz Temininde Modernleşme ve Dersaadet Buz Fabrikası”, Tarih Boyunca Yenileşme Hareketleri, İstanbul: Kitabevi Yayınları, 2014, s.43-50.
_____, “Kar ve Buz Temininde Modernleşme ve XIX. Yüzyıl İstanbul’unda Karcı Esnafı”, Belleten, yayın aşamasında.
MARTAL, Abdullah, “İzmir Buz Fabrikası”, Tepekule Tarih, C. 2 (2000), s. 86-90.
QUATAERT, Donald, Osmanlı Devleti’nde Avrupa İktisadi Yayılımı ve Direniş (1881-1908), Ankara: Yurt Yayınevi, 1987.
SAMANCI, Özge, “Kar, Şerbet ve Dondurma”, Yemek ve Kültür, 9 (2007), s. 146-150.
SCHWEIGGER, Salomon, Sultanlar Kentine Yolculuk (1578-1581), İstanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2004

Friday, August 15, 2014

Writing the History of Palestine and the Palestinians | Beshara Doumani



170.    Palestine and Its Fragments

Historians face numerous challenges when attempting to excavate the Palestinian past. Palestinians are often erased from the landscape and their voices are wiped from the historical record. This is especially true with regards to the Ottoman past, which despite its immediate relevance for understanding the present, has been largely ignored by scholars. In this episode, Beshara Doumani discusses his experiences in rediscovering Ottoman Palestine and some of the unique challenges facing historians seeking to write the history of Palestinians.


Beshara Doumani is a Professor of History at Brown University. His research examines the history of Palestine as well as family, law, and economy in Ottoman Syria.
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)

Listeners might also like:

#166 The Politics of 1948 in Israeli Archives | Shay Hazkani
#061 Pastoral Nomads and Legal Pluralism in Ottoman Jordan | Nora Barakat
#068 Palestine: The History of a Name | Zachary J. Foster
#084 Palestinianism and Zionism in the late Ottoman Era | Louis Fishman
#041 Ottoman Syria: Agriculture, Economy, and Production | Chris Gratien
#029 Archives and Libraries in Israel/Palestine | Zachary J. Foster

Citation: "Writing the History of Palestine and the Palestinians," Beshara Doumani and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 170 (15 August 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/08/writing-history-palestine.html.

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Doumani, Beshara. Rediscovering Palestine Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700-1900. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Doumani, Beshara. 1985. "Palestinian Islamic Court Records: A Source for Socioeconomic History". Middle East Studies Association Bulletin. 19, no. 2: 155-172.

Doumani, Beshara. 2007. "Palestine Versus the Palestinians?: The Iron Laws and Ironies of a People Denied". Journal of Palestine Studies : a Quarterly on Palestinian Affairs and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. 36, no. 4: 49-64.

Davis, Rochelle. Palestinian Village Histories: Geographies of the Displaced. Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 2011.

Rafeq, Abdul-Karim, Peter Sluglett, and Stefan Weber. Syria and Bilad Al-Sham Under Ottoman Rule Essays in Honour of Abdul Karim Rafeq. Leiden: Brill, 2010. 

Singer, Amy. Palestinian Peasants and Ottoman Officials: Rural Administration Around Sixteenth-Century Jerusalem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Tamārī, Salīm. Year of the Locust A Soldier's Diary and the Erasure of Palestine's Ottoman Past. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011. 

Khoury, Dina Rizk. State and Provincial Society in the Ottoman Empire: Mosul, 1540-1834. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Knopf, 1993.

IMAGES

Nablus during the 1870s (Source: Quarelli, Israel Museum)
Music: Ahmed Qaabour - Ounadikoum