Sunday, October 26, 2014

Osmanlı Toplumunda Çocukluk | Yahya Araz



176.     Osmanlı'da Çocuk Kimdi?

Osmanlı'da çocukluk algısının  olup olmadığı son dönem tarih yazıcılığında sıkça sorulan sorular arasındadır. Bu bölümde Yahya Araz bize çocukların sadece küçük insanlar olmanın ötesinde Osmanlı'da çocukluk tanımının çerçevesini oluşturan toplumsal, hukuki ve biyolojik etmenleri anlatıyor.



Dr. Yahya Araz Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. (see academia.edu)
Kalliopi Amygdalou, doktora derecesini University College London'a bağlı Barlett School of Architecture'dan aldı. Araştırmaları, Yunanistan ve Türkiye'de ulusal tarih yazımı, mimari ve kentsel çevre ilişkisine odaklanmaktadır. (see academia.edu)
Erken modern Osmanlı dünyasında mekân, birey ve görüntü ilişkisi üzerine çalışan Dr. Serkan Şavk, İzmir Ekonomi Üniversitesi Sinema ve Dijital Medya Bölümü'nde görev yapmaktadır. (see academia.edu)

KAYNAKÇA

Yahya Araz, Osmanlı Toplumunda Çocuk Olmak, İstanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2013.

Avner Gil‘adi, Children of Islam Concepts of Childhood in Medieval Muslim Society, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992.

Colin Heywood, Baba Bana Top At! Batı’da Çocukluğun Tarihi, çev. Esin Hoşsucu, İstanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2003.

Eugenia Kermeli, “Children Treated as Commodity in Ottoman Crete”, The Ottoman Empire: Myths, Realities and ‘Black Holes’, İstanbul: The Isis Press, 2006.

François Georgeon- Klaus Kreiser (ed.), Childhood and Youth in the Muslim World, Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose, 2007.

Harald Motzki, “Child Marriages in Seventeenth-Century Palestine”, Islamic Legal Interpretation Muftis and their Fatwas, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996.

Hülya Tezcan, Osmanlı Sarayının Çocukları, İstanbul: Aygaz, 2006.

Nazan Maksudyan, Orphans and Destitute Children in Late Ottoman Empire, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2014.

Friday, October 17, 2014

Syrian University Students and the Impacts of War | Keith Watenpaugh



175.    War's "Lost Generation"

The war in Syria has displaced millions of people, claimed hundreds of thousands of lives, and disrupted the education of countless students. In this interview, Keith Watenpaugh, a historian who has also researched the situation of Syrian students in Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey, discusses the issues this young people face. He also places the obstacles confronting the “lost generations” of Syrian students within the context of other recent refugee crises.



Keith Watenpaugh is a historian of the Modern Middle East and Associate Professor of Modern Islam, Human Rights & Peace at University of California-Davis. (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)

REPORTS OF WATENPAUGH, KING, AND FRICKE
through  IIE / UC Davis Study on the Syrian Conflict, Refugee Crisis, and Higher Education

"We Will Stop Here and Go No Further: Syrian University Students and Scholars in Turkey"  (2014)
"The War Follows Them: Syrian University Students and Scholars in Lebanon" (2014)
"Uncounted and Unacknowledged: Syria’s Refugee University Students and Academics in Jordan" (2013)

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Education, Politics, and the Life of Zabel Yessayan | Jennifer Manoukian



174.     The Gardens of Silihdar

The late 19th century was a time of intellectual and cultural flourishing for the Armenian community in Constantinople, as a new generation of Armenian thinkers traveled to Europe to study, debated new ideas in the press, and settled on a new vernacular for their literary endeavors. Zabel Yessayan was one of the most important female figures of this generation, publishing articles on subjects including educational reform, art and aesthetics, and the question of women. In this podcast, Jennifer Manoukian discusses her new translation of Yessayan's memoir, The Gardens of Silihdar, and explores questions of women, gender, and politics in Yessayan's work.



Jennifer Manoukian is a translator of Western Armenian literature. She has an MA in Middle Eastern, South Asian and African Studies from Columbia University. The Gardens of Silihdar by Zabel Yessayan, was released by AIWA Press in 2014. (academia.edu)
Susanna Ferguson is a PhD student in Middle Eastern History at Columbia University, where she focuses on the history of women and gender in the Arab world in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. (academia.edu)

Citation: "Education, Politics, and the Life of Zabel Yessayan," Jennifer Manoukian, Susanna Ferguson, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 174 (24 September 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/09/zabel-yessayan.html.

Listeners might also like:

#071 Women Literati and Ottoman Intellectual Culture | Didem Havlioğlu
#103 Komitas: a Biographical Mixtape | Chris Gratien
#161 Reconstituting the Stuff of the Nation | Lerna Ekmekçioğlu
#164 Kocaları Zehirleyen Osmanlı Kadınları | Ebru Aykut
#126 Jewish Citizens on Exhibit | Alma Heckman

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Zabel Yessayan (Source: AGBU)
Jennifer Manoukian, “Armenité refoulée: les premiers écrits de Zabel Yessayan (1895-1900).” Haigazian Armenological Review Volume 33: 2013, pp. 181-215.

James Etmekjian, The French Influence on the Western Armenian Renaissance 1843-1915. New York: Twayne Press, 1964.

Seta Kapoïan, "Parole de femme à travers ‘Les Jardins de Silihdar’ de Z. Essayan." Les Temps Modernes 392 (1979): 1464-473.

Marc Nichanian, "Zabel Yesaiyan: Woman and Witness, or the Truth of the Mask." New Perspectives on Turkey 42 (2010): 31-53.

Victoria Rowe,  A History of Armenian Women's Writing, 1880-1922. London: Gomidas Institute, 2009.

Zabel Yessayan, The Gardens of Silihdar: A Memoir, trans. Jennifer Manoukian, Watertown, MA: AIWA Press, 2014.

Zabel Yessayan, My Soul in Exile and Other Writings, trans. G.M. Goshgarian, Jennifer Manoukian and Nanore Barsoumian, Watertown, MA: AIWA Press, 2014.