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Thursday, March 26, 2015

Illicit Sex in Ottoman and French Algeria | Aurelie Perrier

E188 | The association of Algeria with sex figured prominently in the artwork and literature that was critiqued so famously by Edward Said in Orientalism. In this episode, Dr. Aurelie Perrier discusses the practical backdrop of this argument beyond the level of discourse by exploring illicit sex in 19th century Algeria under both Ottoman and French rule. Beginning with the fluid boundaries of Ottoman-administered sex work, she describes the transformations that accompanied French colonialism beginning in 1830. Contextualizing the sex trade in both eras with flows of labor migration, Perrier also illuminates the spatial dynamics of the French approach to prostitution, namely the birth of red-light districts and brothels. At once centralizing and segregating sex work, this new politics of space was intimately connected to the boundaries of race and class that were the premise of colonialism in the first place. Yet it appears in many cases these boundaries were transgressed, undermining the credibility of the colonial state. Moreover, even as the state claimed unprecedented control over the intimate lives of its citizens/subjects, people still managed to use the system for their own purposes, or evade it altogether. Still, the undeniable encroachment of the state left an indelible mark on Algeria's history with distinctly gendered implications.

Aurelie Perrier is a recent PhD graduate in Middle East history from Georgetown University. Her dissertation examined the politics of gender in nineteenth and early twentieth-century colonial Algeria. Her broader research interests center on private life, the management of sexuality and the production of sentiment in colonial settings as well as on the construction of imperial masculinity.
Sam Dolbee is a doctoral candidate in the department of Middle East Studies at New York University. (see academia.edu)

Listeners might also like our podcasts on the history of North Africa available on tajine.

In a new episode, Sam Dolbee talks to Aurelie Perrier about her research on politics and gender in Algeria, and they...
Posted by Ottoman History Podcast on Thursday, 26 March 2015

Episode Music:
Mustafa Hürerses - Mukaddes Günah
Debo Band - Ambassel
Selma Devrim - Sen


Germaine Aziz, Les chambres closes: histoire d'une prostituée juive d'Algérie, edited by Christelle Taraud (Paris, Nouveau Monde: 2007)
Christelle Taraud, La prostitution coloniale au Maghreb: Algérie, Tunisie, Maroc, 1830-1962 (Paris, Payot: 2003)
Ferhati Berkahoum, " la danseuse prostituee dite "Ouled Nail," entre mythe et realité (1830-1962). Des rapports sociaux et des pratiques concrètes," CLIO. Histoire, femmes et societés 17 (2003)
Bruce W. Dunne, "French Regulation of Prostitution in Nineteenth-Century Colonial Algeria, Arab Studies Journal 2, no.1 (Spring 1994): 24-30.

Postcard depicting street of Ouled Nails, Biskra

Thursday, March 19, 2015

Kurdish Alevi Music and Migration | Ozan Aksoy

187 | The songs and melodies of the Turkey's Alevi communities derive from a long history of song-making in Anatolia that is embedded in local geographies and indelibly tied to notions of worship and belonging. So what happens when, through migration and media, that music enters entirely new contexts? In this episode, we sit down with ethnomusicologist and musician Ozan Aksoy to discuss to his research on Kurdish Alevi music in diasporic contexts and hear him perform some of his favorite selections live in the OHP studio.

Ozan Aksoy holds a PhD in Ethnomusicology from CUNY, Graduate Center, where he is a postdoctoral fellow at the Middle East and Middle Eastern Center. He is also currently an instructor at New York University’s SPS-McGhee Division. (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)
Ceren Erdem is a curator based in New York and Istanbul. She received has an M.A. in Modern Art: Critical and Curatorial Studies from Columbia University an MFA from Sabanci University, Istanbul. She has curated online projects and publications, and onsite exhibitions in New York, Istanbul, and Seoul.   


Ne Ağlarsın Benim Zülfü Siyahım
Cektirme Cefalara
Mehmet Ali Ağıtı
Ori Mazin
Isırgan Otu

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#116 The Kurdish Music Industry | Alev Kuruoğlu
#148 Alevis in Ottoman Anatolia | Ayfer Karakaya-Stump
#093 Tedirgin Anadolu | Taylan Akyıldırım


Click here for a reading list on Kurds in the Ottoman Empire prepared by Heather Hughes

Akkaya, Ayhan et al. 2008. Kardeş Türküler: 15 Yılın Öyküsü. Istanbul: BGST Yayınları.
Alataş, Evrim. 2009. Her dağın gölgesi deniz'e düşer. İstanbul: İletişim.
Alxasî, Alî. 2003. Ji Meraşê xeberek hat. Istanbul: Weşanên Pêrî.
Atay, Tayfun. 2006. Türkler Kürtler Kıbrıslılar: İngiltere'de Türkçe yaşamak. Ankara: Dipnot.
Bates, Eliot. 2011. Music in Turkey: experiencing music, expressing culture. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bayrak, Mehmet. 1997. Alevilik ve Kürtler: inceleme-araştırma ve belgeler. Ankara: Öz-ge.
Dinçer, Fahriye. 2004. Formulation of Semahs in Relation to the Question of Alevi Identity in Turkey, PhD. Dissertation, Boğaziçi University.
Dressler, Markus. 2013. Writing religion: the making of Turkish Alevi İslam. New York: Oxford University Press.
Erdemir, Aykan. 2005. "Tradition and Modernity: Alevis' Ambiguous Terms and Turkey's Ambivalent Subjects". Middle Eastern Studies. 41 (6): 937-951.
Erol, Ayhan. 2012. "Identity, Migration and Transnationalism: Expressive Cultural
Practices of the Toronto Alevi Community," Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 38:5, 833-849.
Erol, Ayhan. 2010. "Re-imagining identity: the transformation of the Alevi Semah." Middle Eastern Studies, 46(3): 375_87.
Erol, Ayhan. 2009a. Müzik üzerine düşünmek. İstanbul: Bağlam.
Gezik, Erdal. 2012. Dinsel, Etnik, ve Politk Sorunlar Bağlamında Alevi Kütler, 3rd edition. İstanbul: İletişim.
Greve, Martin. 2003. Die Musik der imaginären Türkei : Musik und Musikleben im Kontext der Migration aus der Türkei in Deutschland. Stuttgart : J.B. Metzler
Gündoğar, Sinan. 2005a. Muhalif Müzik. Istanbul: Devin Yayınları.
Gündoğar, Sinan. 2005b. Üç Kürt Ozanın Hikayesi. Istanbul: Elma Yayınları.
Hemetek,Ursula, Hande Sağlam (eds.). 2008.  Music from Turkey in the Diaspora. Vienna: Institut für Volksmusikforschung und Ethnomusikologie.
Kahyaoğlu, Orhan. 2003. "Sıyrılıp Gelen" Grup Yorum. Istanbul: neKitaplar.
Kaya Ayhan. 2000. Sicher in Kreuzberg: Berlin'deki küçük İstanbul: Diyasporada Kimliğin Oluşumu. İstanbul: Büke Yayıncılık.
Kömür, Mehmet. 2003. Taw Dilo- Akcadağ Elbistan Ağziyla Kürt Folklorundan Seçmeler. Istanbul: Weşanen Enstitutuya Kurdi ya Stenbole.
Kosnick, Kira. 2007. Migrant media: Turkish broadcasting and multicultural politics in Berlin. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Markoff, Irene. 2002. "Alevi Identity and Expressive Culture." In The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 6: The Middle East, ed. Virginia Danielson, Scott Marcus, and Dwight Reynolds, 793-800. New York: Routledge.
Markoff, Irene.1986. “The Role of Expressive Culture in the Demystification of a Secret Sect of Islam: The Case of the Alevis of Turkey.” The World of Music 28 (3): 42-56.
Massicard, Elise. 2013. The Alevis in Turkey and Europe: identity and managing territorial diversity. London: Routledge.
Neyzi, Leyla. 2003. "Zazaname: The Alevi Renaissance, Media and Music in the Nineties." In Turkey's Alevi Enigma: A Comprehensive Overview, ed. Paul J. White and Neyzi, Leyla. 2002. "Embodied Elders: Space and Subjectivity in the Music of Metin-Kemal Kahraman." Middle Eastern Studies 38(1):89-109.
O'Connell, John Morgan and Salwa El-Shawan Castelo-Branco. 2010. Music and Conflict. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Ok, Akın. 2004. 12 Eylül Şiddeti ve Arabesk. Istanbul: Akyüz.
Østergaard-Nielsen, Eva. 2002. Transnational Politics: The case of Turks and Kurds in Germany. London : Routledge.
Özbek, Meral. 1991. Popüler kültür ve Orhan Gencebay arabeski. Cağaloğlu, İstanbul: İletişim.
Özdemir, Ulaş. 2008. Su Diyari Gurbet Elde- Asik Mucriminin Yasami ve Şiirleri. Istanbul: Pan Yayınları.
Öztürkmen, Arzu. 2005. “Staging a Ritual Dance Out of its Context: The Role of an Individual Artist in Transforming the Alevi Semah.” Asian Folklore Studies 64: 247-260.
Özyürek, Esra. 2009. “The Light of the Alevi Fire Was Lit in Germany and then Spread to Turkey: A Transnational Debate on the Boundaries of Islam.” Turkish Studies 10(2):233-253.
Reinhard, Ursula, and Tiago de Oliveira Pinto. 1990. Sänger und Poeten mit der Laute: türkische âşık und ozan. Berlin: D. Reimer.
Solomon, Thomas. 2006. “Whose Hybridity? Whose Diaspora? Agency and Identity in Transnational Musics.” Paper presented at ICTM Colloquium at Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT, May 2006.
Solomon, Thomas. 2011a. "Hardcore Muslims: Islamic Themes in Turkish Rap between Diaspora and Homeland." In Muslim Rap, Halal Soaps, and Revolutionary Theater: Artistic Developments in the Muslim World, ed. Karin van Nieuwkerk, 27-54. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Solomon, Thomas. 2011b. "'Türkçe Rapin Kız Sesi': Ayben'in Müziğinde Toplumsal Cinsiyet ve Vokal Nitelik." Porte Akademik 1(2):413-423.
Sökefeld, Martin. 2008. Struggling for Recognition : The Alevi Movement in Germany and in Transnational Space. New York: Berghahn Books.
Stokes, Martin. 2010. The republic of love cultural intimacy in Turkish popular music. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
Stokes, Martin. 1992. The Arabesk Debate : Music and Musicians in Modern Turkey. New York: Oxford University Press.
Stokes, Martin. 2006. ‘Introduction’. Music and Anthropology 11, Special Issue on Turkey: http://www.umbc.edu/MA/index/number11/stokes/intro.htm.
Stokes, Martin. 2008. On Musical Cosmopolitanism. DigitalCommons@Macalester College. http://digitalcommons.macalester.edu/macintl/vol21/iss1/8.
Şahin, Şehriban. 2001. The Alevi Movement: Transformation From Secret Oral To Public Written Culture in National and Transnational Social Spaces, PhD. Dissertation, New School University.
Tambar, Kabir. 2010. "The aesthetics of public visibility: Alevi semah and the paradoxes of pluralism in Turkey". Comparative Studies in Society and History: an International Quarterly.
Van Bruinessen, Maarten Martinus van. 1978. Agha, shaikh and state: on the social and political organization of Kurdistan. Utrecht: Rijksuniversiteit.
van Bruinessen, Martin, and Hasan Yurdakul. 2000. Kürtlük, Türklük, Alevı̂lik: etnik ve dinsel kimlik mücadeleleri. İstanbul: İletişim.
van Bruinessen, Martin. 1992  “Kurdish Society, Ethnicity, Nationalism and Refugee Problems.” In The Kurds. A Contemporary Overview , edited by Philip G. Kreyenbroek and Stefan Sperl. London and New York: Routledge, 1992: 33-67.
van Bruinessen, Martin. 1996. ‘"Aslini inkar eden haramzadedir!" The Debate on the Ethnic Identity of the Kurdish Alevis.’ Working paper, Centre for the Study of Asia & the Middle East, Deakin University, Malvern, Victoria (Australia).
Van Bruinessen, Martin. 2000. Kurdish Ethno-Nationalism versus Nation-Building States: Collected Articles. Istanbul: Isis Press.
Yaman, Ali. 2006. Kızılbaş Alevi Ocakları. Ankara: Elips Kitap.
Yöre, Seyit. 2011. "Alevi-Bektaşi Kültürünün Müziksel Kodları." Türk Kültürü ve Hacı Bektaş Velî Araştırma Dergisi 60.
Yurdakul, Gökçe. From Guest Workers into Muslims: Turkish Immigrant Associations in
Germany. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2009.
Zırh, Besim Can. 2012. "Following the dead beyond the ‘nation’: a map for transnational Alevi funerary routes from Europe to Turkey." Ethnic and Racial Studies 35: 1758-74.
Zürcher, Erik Jan. 2004. Turkey a modern history. London: I.B. Tauris.

Friday, March 13, 2015

New Perspectives on Medieval Anatolia | Sara Nur Yıldız

E186 | Students of Ottoman history might tend to think of the Medieval Period in Anatolia as a precursor to the Ottoman, in other words, reading the region's medieval past through the teleological lens of the Ottoman rise. However, recent scholarship on Medieval Anatolia, especially the Seljuk and Mongol periods, has moved towards a different approach that argues for the study of this complex geography and period in its own right. In this episode, Sara Nur Yıldız makes the argument for Medieval Anatolia and explores new developments in the political, social, and cultural history of the field.

Sara Nur Yıldız (PhD, U Chicago 2006) is an affiliated researcher at the Orient-Institut Istanbul and Research Fellow at St Andrews University on the project Islamisation of Anatolia, c. 1100-1500. She works on the history of medieval Anatolia during the Seljuk, Mongol, beylik and early Ottoman periods, with a focus on textual production and circulation, the transfer of Islamic knowledge and learning, manuscript culture, vernacularization and medical texts. (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)

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#183 An Andalusi in Fatimid Egypt | Suamaiya Hamdani
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Select Bibliography of English Language Publications on Medieval Anatolia

Beihammer, Alexander D. “Defection across the Border of Islam and Christianity: Apostasy and Cross-Cultural Interactions in Byzantine-Seljuk Relations.” Speculum 86 (2011): 597-651.

Blessing, Patricia. Rebuilding Anatolia after the Mongol Conquest. Islamic Architecture in the Lands of Rūm, 1240-1330. Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2014.

Goshgarian, Rachel. “Opening and Closing: Associations based on futuwwa in late medieval Anatolian cities.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 30, no. 1 (2013): 36-52.

Korobeinikov, Dimitri. Byzantium and the Turks in the Thirteenth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Pancaroğlu, Oya. “Devotion, Hospitality and Architecture in Medieval Anatolia.” Studia Islamica 108 (2013): 48-81.

Peacock, A.C.S. and Sara Nur Yıldız, eds. The Seljuks of Anatolia: Court and Society in the Medieval Middle East. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2013; paperback version, 2015.

Peacock, Andrew C. S. “Sinop: A Frontier City in Seljuq and Mongol Anatolia.” Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia 16 (2010): 103-124.

Peacock, A.C.S. “Court and Nomadic Life in Saljuq Anatolia.” In David Durand-Guédy, ed. Turko-Mongol Rulers, Cities and City Life. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2013, 191-222.

Peacock, A.C.S. “The Seljuk Sultanate of Rūm and the Turkmen of the Byzantine frontier, 1206-1279.” Al-Masaq 26, no. 3 (2014): 267-287.

Redford, Scott. Legends of Authority. The 1215 Seljuk Inscriptions of the Sinop Citadel, Turkey. Istanbul: Koç University Press, 2014.

Trepanier, Nicholas. Foodways and Daily Life in Medieval Anatolia: A New Social History. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2014.

Yalman, Suzan. “ ‘Ala al-Din Kayqubad Illuminated: A Rum Seljuq Sultan as Cosmic Ruler.” Muqarnas 29, no. 1 (2012): 151-186.

Yıldız, Sara Nur. “Manuel Komnenos Maurozomes and His Descendants at the Seljuk Court: The Formation of a Christian Seljuk-Komnenian Elite.” In Stefen Leder, ed. Crossroads between Latin Europe and the Near East: Corollaries of the Frankish Presence in the Eastern Mediterranean (12th to 14th Centuries). Würzburg: Ergon Verlag, 2011, 55-77.

Yıldız, Sara Nur. “From Cairo to Ayasuluk: Hacı Paşa and the transmission of Islamic learning to western Anatolia in the late 14th century.” Journal of Islamic Studies 25, no. 3. (2014): 263-297.