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Thursday, December 11, 2014

Slavery and Manumission in Ottoman Galata | Nur Sobers-Khan



The legal and social environments surrounding slavery and manumission during the early modern period varied from place to place and profession to profession. In this episode, Nur Sobers-Khan presents her exciting research on the lives of a particular population of slaves in Ottoman Galata during the late sixteenth century, how they were classified and documented under Ottoman law, and the terms by which they were able to achieve their freedom.



Nur Sobers-Khan completed a PhD in Ottoman History at the Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies at University of Cambridge. Dr. Sobers-Khan was formerly a curator for Persian manuscripts at the British Library. She is currently a curator at the Museum of Islamic Art in Doha, Qatar. (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)
Nir Shafir is a doctoral candidate at UCLA focusing on the history of knowledge and science in the early modern Middle East. He also runs the website HAZİNE, which profiles different archives, libraries, and museums that house sources on the Islamic world. (see academia.edu)

Citation: "Slavery and Manumission in Ottoman Galata," Nur Sobers-Khan, Chris Gratien, and Nir Shafir, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 181 (11 December 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/12/slavery-istanbul-ottoman-empire.html.

Listeners might also like:

#046 Slavery in a Global Context | Elena Abbott / Soha El Achi / Michael Polczynski
#141 Race, Slavery, and Islamic Law in the Early Modern Atlantic
#144 Galata and the Capitulations | Fariba Zarinebaf
#130 Family and Property in Ottoman Lebanon | Zoe Griffith

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Sobers-Khan, Nur. Slaves Without Shackles Forced Labour and Manumission in the Galata Court Registers, 1560-1572. Berlin: Klaus-Schwarz-Vlg, 2014.

Heberer, Michael, Osmanlıda bir Köle: Brettenli Michael Heberer’in Anıları 1585-1588 (tr.) Türkis Noyan (Istanbul, 2003)

Faroqhi, Suraiya, “Quis Custodiet custodes: Controlling Slave Identities and Slave Traders in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-century Istanbul” in Stories of Ottoman Men and Women (Istanbul, 2002), pp. 245-263

İnalcık, Halil, ‘Servile labor in the Ottoman Empire’ The Mutual Effects of the Islamic and Judeo-Christian Worlds: The East European Patterns (ed.) Abraham Ascher et al (New York, 1979), pp. 25-52

Sahillioğlu, Halil, ‘Slaves in the social and economic life of Bursa in the late 15th and early 16th centuries’ Turcica Vol. 17 (1985), pp. 43-112

Seng, Yvonne J., ‘Fugitives and factotums: slaves in early sixteenth-century Istanbul’ JESHO Vol. 34 (1996), pp. 136-169

Toledano, Ehud R., The Ottoman Slave Trade and Its Suppression 1840-1890 (Princeton, 1982)

Zilfi, Madeline, Women and Slavery in the Ottoman Empire (Cambridge, CUP, 2010)

Music: İnci Çayırlı - Kıskanıyorum  ; İlhan Kızılay - Örenli Gelin

Thursday, November 20, 2014

Law and Order in Late Ottoman Egypt | Khaled Fahmy


    
How have the immense transformations of the nineteenth century impacted Egyptian state and society? Our guest Dr. Khaled Fahmy has devoted much of his work to the study of that very question in the realms of military, medicine, and in this episode, law, which is the subject of his forthcoming book. In this episode, we explore the emergence to of new legal institutions under Mehmed Ali's government in Egypt and ask Dr. Fahmy what this meant for Egypt and how it fits into the broader changes afoot in the Ottoman world

 

Khaled Fahmy is Professor of History at the American University of Cairo and 2014-2015 Carnegie Centennial Fellow at Columbia University. He is the author of All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali, His Army, and the Making of Modern Egypt (AUC Press, 2010). His new book, tentatively entitled  A Sense of History: Law and Medicine in Modern Egypt, is forthcoming from the University of California Press.
Susanna Ferguson is a PhD student in Middle Eastern History at Columbia University, where she focuses on the history of women and gender in the Arab world in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. (see academia.edu)

Citation: "Law and Order in Late Ottoman Egypt," Khaled Fahmy, Susanna Ferguson, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 180 (20 November 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/11/law-crime-ottoman-egypt-fahmy.html.

Listeners might also like: 

#061 Pastoral Nomads and Legal Pluralism in Ottoman Transjordan | Nora Barakat 
#170 Writing the History of Palestine and the Palestinians | Beshara Doumani 
#070 Ecology and Empire in Ottoman Egypt | Alan Mikhail   
#118 Colonialism, Sovereignty, and Medical Practice | Philippe Bourmaud

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Khaled Fahmy, “Justice, Law and Pain in Khedival Egypt,” in Baudouin Dupret, ed. Standing Trial: Law and the Person in the Modern Middle East. London: I.B. Tauris, 2004.


Khaled Fahmy, “The anatomy of Justice: Forensic medicine and criminal law in nineteenth-century Egypt,” Islamic Law and Society, v. 6, 1999.


‘Imād Hilāl, al-Fallāh wa’l-Sulta wa’l-Qānūn (The Peasant, Power and the Law). Cairo: Dār al-Kutub wa’l-Wathāi’q al-Qawmiyya, 2007.

Rudolph Peters, Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: Theory and Practice from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.



Rudolph Peters, “Murder on the Nile: Homicide trials in 19th century Egyptian shari‘a courts,” Die Welt des Islams, v. 30, 1990. 

Rudolph Peters, “Administrators and Magistrates: The Development of a Secular Judiciary in Egypt, 1842-1871,” Die Welt des Islams, v. 39, 1999.

Rudolph Peters, “For His Correction and as a Deterrent Example to Others: Mehmed Ali's First Criminal Legislation 1829-1830,” Islamic Law and Society, v. 6, 1999. 





Friday, November 14, 2014

Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nda Gizli Hristiyanlar | Zeynep Türkyılmaz



Hristiyan, Müslüman, Yahudi gibi kesin hatlarla birbirinden ayrılmış kimliklerin hüküm sürdüğü çağımızın aksine Osmanlı toplumunda özellikle devlet gücünün erişmediği yerlerde bu kimlikler arasında geçişkenlik çok fazlaydı. Bu bölümümüzde Dr. Zeynep Türkyılmaz ile Osmanlı toplumunda gizli hırıstiyanlar olarak adlandırabileceğimiz iki din arasında sıkışmış, çift kimlikli cemaatleri mercek altına alacağız. Kökleri 17. yüzyıla dayanan ve Islahat Fermanı'nın verdiği güvencelerle birer birer ortaya çıkan bu cemaatlere merkezi devletin nasıl bir tepki verdiğini tartışacağız.





Dr. Zeynep Türkyılmaz Dartmouth College'da öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. Bkz. fakülte web sayfası.
Yeni Çağ Akdeniz ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu üzerine yoğunlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan İstanbul 29 Mayıs Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. Bkz. academia.edu.

For a similar conversation in English, see E104 - Neither Muslim Nor Christian

Listeners might also like:

#117 Sufism and Society | John Curry
#048 An Armenian Merchant from Poland Visits Safavid Iran | Michael Polczynski
#148 Alevis in Ottoman Anatolia | Ayfer Karakaya-Stump
#155 Osmanlı'da İşçiler | Kadir Yıldırım

KAYNAKÇA

Late Ottoman Postcard of Kurum, near Trabzon (Source: Hakan Akcaoglu)
Andreades, Georgios [Yorgos]. The Cryptochristians : Klostoi : Those Who Returned ; Tenesur : Those Who Have Changed. Translated by Theodota Nantsou. Thessaloniki: Kuriakidis Bros., 1995.

Baer, Marc David. Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Bryer, Anthony.   "The Crypto-Christians of the Pontos and Consul William Gifford Palgrave of Trebizond." Deltio Kentrou Mikraasiatikon Spoudon, no. 4 (1983): 13-68.

Deringil, Selim. ""There Is No Compulsion in Religion": On Conversion and Apostasy in the Late Ottoman Empire: 1839-1856." Comparative Studies in Society and History 42, no. 3 (2000): 547-575.

Krstić, Tijana. Contested Conversions to Islam: Narratives of Religious Change in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2011.

Reinkowski, Maurus. "Hidden Believers, Hidden Apostates: The Phenomenon of Crypto-Jews and Crypto-Christians in the Middle East." In Converting Cultures : Religion, Ideology, and Transformations of Modernity, ed. Dennis C. Washburn and A. Kevin Reinhart. Leiden; Boston; Biggleswade: Brill ; Extenza Turpin [distributor], 2007.



Müzik - Ferhat Özyakupoğlu - Tırvana