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Thursday, November 20, 2014

Law and Order in Late Ottoman Egypt | Khaled Fahmy


    
How have the immense transformations of the nineteenth century impacted Egyptian state and society? Our guest Dr. Khaled Fahmy has devoted much of his work to the study of that very question in the realms of military, medicine, and in this episode, law, which is the subject of his forthcoming book. In this episode, we explore the emergence to of new legal institutions under Mehmed Ali's government in Egypt and ask Dr. Fahmy what this meant for Egypt and how it fits into the broader changes afoot in the Ottoman world

 

Khaled Fahmy is Professor of History at the American University of Cairo and 2014-2015 Carnegie Centennial Fellow at Columbia University. He is the author of All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali, His Army, and the Making of Modern Egypt (AUC Press, 2010). His new book, tentatively entitled  A Sense of History: Law and Medicine in Modern Egypt, is forthcoming from the University of California Press.
Susanna Ferguson is a PhD student in Middle Eastern History at Columbia University, where she focuses on the history of women and gender in the Arab world in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. (see academia.edu)

Citation: "Law and Order in Late Ottoman Egypt," Khaled Fahmy, Susanna Ferguson, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 180 (20 November 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/11/law-crime-ottoman-egypt-fahmy.html.

Listeners might also like: 

#061 Pastoral Nomads and Legal Pluralism in Ottoman Transjordan | Nora Barakat 
#170 Writing the History of Palestine and the Palestinians | Beshara Doumani 
#070 Ecology and Empire in Ottoman Egypt | Alan Mikhail   
#118 Colonialism, Sovereignty, and Medical Practice | Philippe Bourmaud

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Khaled Fahmy, “Justice, Law and Pain in Khedival Egypt,” in Baudouin Dupret, ed. Standing Trial: Law and the Person in the Modern Middle East. London: I.B. Tauris, 2004.


Khaled Fahmy, “The anatomy of Justice: Forensic medicine and criminal law in nineteenth-century Egypt,” Islamic Law and Society, v. 6, 1999.


‘Imād Hilāl, al-Fallāh wa’l-Sulta wa’l-Qānūn (The Peasant, Power and the Law). Cairo: Dār al-Kutub wa’l-Wathāi’q al-Qawmiyya, 2007.

Rudolph Peters, Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: Theory and Practice from the Sixteenth to the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.



Rudolph Peters, “Murder on the Nile: Homicide trials in 19th century Egyptian shari‘a courts,” Die Welt des Islams, v. 30, 1990. 

Rudolph Peters, “Administrators and Magistrates: The Development of a Secular Judiciary in Egypt, 1842-1871,” Die Welt des Islams, v. 39, 1999.

Rudolph Peters, “For His Correction and as a Deterrent Example to Others: Mehmed Ali's First Criminal Legislation 1829-1830,” Islamic Law and Society, v. 6, 1999. 





Friday, November 14, 2014

Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nda Gizli Hristiyanlar | Zeynep Türkyılmaz



Hristiyan, Müslüman, Yahudi gibi kesin hatlarla birbirinden ayrılmış kimliklerin hüküm sürdüğü çağımızın aksine Osmanlı toplumunda özellikle devlet gücünün erişmediği yerlerde bu kimlikler arasında geçişkenlik çok fazlaydı. Bu bölümümüzde Dr. Zeynep Türkyılmaz ile Osmanlı toplumunda gizli hırıstiyanlar olarak adlandırabileceğimiz iki din arasında sıkışmış, çift kimlikli cemaatleri mercek altına alacağız. Kökleri 17. yüzyıla dayanan ve Islahat Fermanı'nın verdiği güvencelerle birer birer ortaya çıkan bu cemaatlere merkezi devletin nasıl bir tepki verdiğini tartışacağız.





Dr. Zeynep Türkyılmaz Dartmouth College'da öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. Bkz. fakülte web sayfası.
Yeni Çağ Akdeniz ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğu üzerine yoğunlaşan Dr. Emrah Safa Gürkan İstanbul 29 Mayıs Üniversitesi'nde öğretim üyeliği yapmaktadır. Bkz. academia.edu.

For a similar conversation in English, see E104 - Neither Muslim Nor Christian

Listeners might also like:

#117 Sufism and Society | John Curry
#048 An Armenian Merchant from Poland Visits Safavid Iran | Michael Polczynski
#148 Alevis in Ottoman Anatolia | Ayfer Karakaya-Stump
#155 Osmanlı'da İşçiler | Kadir Yıldırım

KAYNAKÇA

Late Ottoman Postcard of Kurum, near Trabzon (Source: Hakan Akcaoglu)
Andreades, Georgios [Yorgos]. The Cryptochristians : Klostoi : Those Who Returned ; Tenesur : Those Who Have Changed. Translated by Theodota Nantsou. Thessaloniki: Kuriakidis Bros., 1995.

Baer, Marc David. Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Bryer, Anthony.   "The Crypto-Christians of the Pontos and Consul William Gifford Palgrave of Trebizond." Deltio Kentrou Mikraasiatikon Spoudon, no. 4 (1983): 13-68.

Deringil, Selim. ""There Is No Compulsion in Religion": On Conversion and Apostasy in the Late Ottoman Empire: 1839-1856." Comparative Studies in Society and History 42, no. 3 (2000): 547-575.

Krstić, Tijana. Contested Conversions to Islam: Narratives of Religious Change in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2011.

Reinkowski, Maurus. "Hidden Believers, Hidden Apostates: The Phenomenon of Crypto-Jews and Crypto-Christians in the Middle East." In Converting Cultures : Religion, Ideology, and Transformations of Modernity, ed. Dennis C. Washburn and A. Kevin Reinhart. Leiden; Boston; Biggleswade: Brill ; Extenza Turpin [distributor], 2007.



Müzik - Ferhat Özyakupoğlu - Tırvana

Thursday, November 6, 2014

Society and Politics in Ottoman Iraq | Dina Khoury



178.     From Mosul to Baghdad

Iraq was located on the periphery of the Ottoman Empire. Yet, as the main interface between the Ottoman and Safavid realms, it was also a region of tremendous importance for the Ottoman state. In this episode, Dina Khoury discusses her work on Ottoman Iraq, and explores how Ottoman war and politics influenced the socioeconomic life of the provinces of Mosul, Baghdad, and Basra.



Dina Rizk Khoury is Professor of History and International Affairs at George Washington University. Her research focuses on both Ottoman and contemporary Iraq. (see faculty page)
Faisal Husain is a doctoral student at Georgetown University researching the environmental history of Ottoman Iraq.

Listeners might also like:

#157 Imperial Architecture in Ottoman Aleppo | Heghnar Watenpaugh
#022 Modernization, Martial Discipline, and post-Ottoman Iraq | Matthew MacLean
#009 Oil, Grand Strategy, and the Ottoman Empire | Anand Toprani
#134 Water and Politics on the Tigris | Julia Harte & Anna Ozbek
#121 A Short History of Iraqi Refugees in Syria | Chris Gratien

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Fisherman in Ottoman Iraq (Source: LOC)
Dina Rizk Khoury, State and Provincial Society in the Ottoman Empire: Mosul, 1540-1834 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Dina Khoury, “Who is a True Muslim? Exclusion and Inclusion among Polemicist of Reform in Baghdad,” in The Early Modern Ottomans: Remapping the Empire, Aksan, Virginia H., and Daniel Goffman (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Dina Khoury, "Violence and Spatial Politics between the Local and Imperial: Baghdad, 1778-1810." The Spaces of the Modern City: Imaginaries, Politics, and Everyday Life. Ed. Gyan Prakash and Kevin Michael Kruse. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2008. 181-213.

Salih Özbaran, Yemen’den Basra’ya Sınırdaki Osmanlı (Istanbul: Kitap Yayınevi, 2004).

ʿAbd al-ʿAẓīm ʿAbbās Naṣṣār, Baladiyyāt al-Iraq fī al-ʿAhd al-ʿUthmānī 1534-1918 (Najaf: Al-Maktaba al-Ḥaidariyya, 2005).

Thabit Abdullah, Merchants, Mamluks, and Murder: The Political Economy of Trade in the Eighteenth Century Basra (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001).

Ali Shakir Ali, Tarikh al-Iraq fi al-‘ahd al-uthmani, 1638-1750 miladiyah/1048-1174 hijriyah: dirasa fi ahwalihi al-siyasiyah (Nineveh, Iraq: Maktabat 30 Tammuz, 1985).

Sinan Marufoğlu, Osmanlı Döneminde Kuzey İrak, 1831-1914 (Istanbul: Eren, 1998).

Tom Nienuwenhuis, Politics and Society in Early Modern Iraq: Mamluk Pashas, Tribal Shayks and Local Rule Between 1802 and 1831 (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1982).

 André Raymond, Artisans et commerçants au Caire au XVIIIe siècle (Damas: Institut Français de Damas, 1974).

Beshara Doumani, Rediscovering Palestine: Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700-1900 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).

Judith Tucker, In the House of the Law: Gender and Islamic Law in Ottoman Syria and Palestine (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998).

Bruce Masters, The Originas of Western Economic Dominance in the Middle East: Mercantilism and the Islamic Economy in Aleppo, 1600-1750 (New York: New York University Press, 1988).

Jane Hathaway, The Politics of Households in Ottoman Egypt: The Rise of the Qazdaglis (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997).

Alan Mikhail, Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt: An Environmental History (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011).

Dirk Kolff, Naukar, Rajput and Sepoy: The Military Labor Market of Hindustan, 1450-1850 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990).

Charles Wilkins, Forging Urban Solidarities: Ottoman Aleppo 1640-1700 (Leiden: Brill, 2010).

Hülya Canbakal, Society and Politics in an Ottoman Town: ‘Ayntāb in the 17th Century (Leiden: Brill, 2007).

C. A. Bayly, Imperial Meridian: The British Empire and the World, 1780-1830 (New York: Longman, 1989).

E. P. Thompson, “The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century,” Past and Present 50 (1971): 76-136.

Natalie Zemon Davis, “The Rites of Violence: Religious Riot in Sixteenth-Century France,” Past and Present 59 (1973): 51-91.

Ira Lapidus, Muslim Cities in the Later Middle Ages (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1967).

Albert Hourani and S. M. Stern, eds, The Islamic City (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970).

James Grehan, “Street Violence and Social Imagination in Late Mamluk and Ottoman Damascus (ca. 1500-1800),” International Journal of Middle East Studies 35 (2003): 215-36.