Friday, October 17, 2014

Syrian University Students and the Impacts of War | Keith Watenpaugh



175.    War's "Lost Generation"

The war in Syria has displaced millions of people, claimed hundreds of thousands of lives, and disrupted the education of countless students. In this interview, Keith Watenpaugh, a historian who has also researched the situation of Syrian students in Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey, discusses the issues this young people face. He also places the obstacles confronting the “lost generations” of Syrian students within the context of other recent refugee crises.



Keith Watenpaugh is a historian of the Modern Middle East and Associate Professor of Modern Islam, Human Rights & Peace at University of California-Davis. (see academia.edu)
Chris Gratien is a doctoral candidate at Georgetown University researching the social and environmental history of the Ottoman Empire and the modern Middle East. (see academia.edu)

REPORTS OF WATENPAUGH, KING, AND FRICKE
through  IIE / UC Davis Study on the Syrian Conflict, Refugee Crisis, and Higher Education

"We Will Stop Here and Go No Further: Syrian University Students and Scholars in Turkey"  (2014)
"The War Follows Them: Syrian University Students and Scholars in Lebanon" (2014)
"Uncounted and Unacknowledged: Syria’s Refugee University Students and Academics in Jordan" (2013)

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Education, Politics, and the Life of Zabel Yessayan | Jennifer Manoukian



174.     The Gardens of Silihdar

The late 19th century was a time of intellectual and cultural flourishing for the Armenian community in Constantinople, as a new generation of Armenian thinkers traveled to Europe to study, debated new ideas in the press, and settled on a new vernacular for their literary endeavors. Zabel Yessayan was one of the most important female figures of this generation, publishing articles on subjects including educational reform, art and aesthetics, and the question of women. In this podcast, Jennifer Manoukian discusses her new translation of Yessayan's memoir, The Gardens of Silihdar, and explores questions of women, gender, and politics in Yessayan's work.



Jennifer Manoukian is a translator of Western Armenian literature. She has an MA in Middle Eastern, South Asian and African Studies from Columbia University. The Gardens of Silihdar by Zabel Yessayan, was released by AIWA Press in 2014. (academia.edu)
Susanna Ferguson is a PhD student in Middle Eastern History at Columbia University, where she focuses on the history of women and gender in the Arab world in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. (academia.edu)

Citation: "Education, Politics, and the Life of Zabel Yessayan," Jennifer Manoukian, Susanna Ferguson, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 174 (24 September 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/09/zabel-yessayan.html.

Listeners might also like:

#071 Women Literati and Ottoman Intellectual Culture | Didem Havlioğlu
#103 Komitas: a Biographical Mixtape | Chris Gratien
#161 Reconstituting the Stuff of the Nation | Lerna Ekmekçioğlu
#164 Kocaları Zehirleyen Osmanlı Kadınları | Ebru Aykut
#126 Jewish Citizens on Exhibit | Alma Heckman

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Zabel Yessayan (Source: AGBU)
Jennifer Manoukian, “Armenité refoulée: les premiers écrits de Zabel Yessayan (1895-1900).” Haigazian Armenological Review Volume 33: 2013, pp. 181-215.

James Etmekjian, The French Influence on the Western Armenian Renaissance 1843-1915. New York: Twayne Press, 1964.

Seta Kapoïan, "Parole de femme à travers ‘Les Jardins de Silihdar’ de Z. Essayan." Les Temps Modernes 392 (1979): 1464-473.

Marc Nichanian, "Zabel Yesaiyan: Woman and Witness, or the Truth of the Mask." New Perspectives on Turkey 42 (2010): 31-53.

Victoria Rowe,  A History of Armenian Women's Writing, 1880-1922. London: Gomidas Institute, 2009.

Zabel Yessayan, The Gardens of Silihdar: A Memoir, trans. Jennifer Manoukian, Watertown, MA: AIWA Press, 2014.

Zabel Yessayan, My Soul in Exile and Other Writings, trans. G.M. Goshgarian, Jennifer Manoukian and Nanore Barsoumian, Watertown, MA: AIWA Press, 2014.


Friday, September 12, 2014

Osmanlı’da Tütün İşçileri | Can Nacar



173.     Dumanın Ucunda Yükselen Mücadele

Ondokuzuncu yüzyılda gelişen üretim teknolojisiyle, sigaraya yönelik rağbet tütün üretiminde büyük bir  artışa yol açtı. Osmanlı’nın son döneminde gerek yerel gerekse uluslararası pazarların taleplerini arza dönüştürme çabası sonucunda 1880’lerden itibaren Osmanlı’da tütün üretimi daha önceki onyıllara oranla üç kat artış gösterdi. Hiç şüphesiz üretimdeki bu ani artış, tütünün coğrafi ve iklimsel olarak en iyi kalitede yetiştiriebildiği İskeçe, Kavala ve Samsun gibi tarımsal bölgelerle ile fabrika üretiminin gerçekleştirildiği İstanbul’da tütün üretiminde çalışan yerel ve mevsimlik işçi sayısında büyük bir artışı beraberinde getirdi. Tütün üretimindeki artışın en önemli unsurlarından ve üretimin temeli olan yerel ve mevsimlik işçilerin yaşam ve çalışma koşulları, tütün emeğinin bu dönemdeki örgütlenmesi ve emek süreci mücadelelerini Can Nacar’la konuştuk.

Dr. Can Nacar, Koç Üniversitesi'nin Tarih Bölümünde Öğretim Üyesisidir. (academia.edu)
Seçil Yılmaz, CUNY Tarih Bölümü’nde Doktora Öğrencisi. Geç Osmanlı İmparatorluğu ve Cumhuriyet Dönemi’nde salgın hastalıklar, tıp ve toplumsal cinsiyet temaları çerçevesinde frenginin sosyal tarihi üzerine doktora araştırmasına devam etmektedir. (academia.edu)

Listeners might also like:

#172 Migrant Workers in Ottoman Anatolia | Chris Gratien
#155 Osmanlı'da İşçiler | Kadir Yıldırım
#154 Miners and the Ottoman State | Donald Quataert
#171 Osmanlı'da Buz Üretimi | Burcu Kurt

Citation: "Osmanlı’da Tütün İşçileri," Seçil Yılmaz, Can Nacar, and Chris Gratien, Ottoman History Podcast, No. 173 (12 September 2014) http://www.ottomanhistorypodcast.com/2014/09/osmanlda-tutun-iscileri.html.

SEÇME KAYNAKÇA

Tütün Mağazası, İskeçe, 1911 (Source: Yani Hristaki, Tütün)
Can Nacar, “Labor Activism and the State in the Ottoman Tobacco Industry,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, vol. 46, no.3 (2014): 533-551.

Can Nacar, “The Régie Monopoly and Tobacco Workers in Late Ottoman Istanbul,” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 34, no.1 (2014): 206-219.

Can Nacar, “Tütün İşçileri, Tüccarlar ve Kırık Camlar: 1905 Kavala Grevi,” Toplumsal Tarih Dergisi,  no.213 (2011): 38-42.  

Gila Hadar, “Jewish Tobacco Workers in Salonika: Gender and Family in the Context of Social and Ethnic Strife,” in Women in the Ottoman Balkans: Gender, Culture and History, edited by Amila Buturovic and İrvin Cemil Schick (London: I.B. Tauris, 2007), pp. 127-152.

Gülhan Balsoy, “Gendering Ottoman Labor History: The Cibali Régie Factory in the Early Twentieth Century,” International Review of Social History, vol.54, no. S17 (2009): 45-68.

E. Tutku Vardağlı, “Tobacco Labor Politics in the Province of Thessaloniki: Cross-Communal and Cross-Gender Relations” (PhD diss., Boğaziçi University, 2011)

Efi Avdela, "Class, Ethnicity, and Gender in Post-Ottoman Thessaloniki: The Great Tobacco Strike of 1914," in Borderlines: Genders and Identities in War and Peace, 1870-1930, ed. Billie Melman (New York: Routledge, 1998), 421-38.

İskeçe tütün mağazasında tütün işçileri, 1911 (Source: Yani Hristaki, Tütün)