Hats and Hijabs in Algeria and Turkey

Episode 341

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In this episode, we explore debates about aesthetics, headwear, and dress in interwar Algeria and Turkey. Why did hats and hijabs generate so much debate among Algerian thinkers, both men and women? How did expectations about what men would wear on their heads carry different political connotations than similar debates about women's head coverings? This episode takes up the role of dress and comportment in shaping Algerian conversations about colonialism, feminism, and Islamic reform, as well as the importance of a "Turkish model" in interwar Algerian debates.

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Contributor Bios

Sara Rahnama is a doctoral candidate at Johns Hopkins University. Her work explores out how ideas about Islam and gender were key to how Algerian thinkers interpreted and negotiated European and Middle Eastern intellectual movements.
Suzie Ferguson is a Ph.D. Candidate in Middle Eastern History at Columbia University. She is currently working on a dissertation entitled "Tracing Tarbiya: Women, Gender and Childrearing in Egypt and Lebanon, 1865-1939."
Seçil Yilmaz received her PhD degree in History from the Graduate Center, CUNY with her dissertation entitled "Love in the Time of Syphilis: Medicine and Sex in the Ottoman Empire, 1860-1922." She is currently a Mellon postdoctoral fellow at the Society for the Humanities and Near Eastern Studies at Cornell University.


Episode No. 341
Release Date: 17 January 2018
Recording Location: Washington D.C.
Audio editing by Susanna Ferguson
Music: Harmandali - Recep Efendi, Cemal Efendi; Katibim (Uskudar'a Gider iken) - Safiye Ayla
Images and bibliography courtesy of Sara Rahnama

Select Bibliography

Bier, Laura. "Between Home and Workplace: Fashioning the 'Working Woman.'" In Revolutionary Womanhood: Feminisms, Modernity, and the State in Nasser's Egypt. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011.

Carlier, Omar. "Messali et son look. Du 'jeune Turc' citadin au za'im rural, un corps physique et politique construit à rebours?" In Le corps du leader: Construction et représentation dans les pays du Sud, edited by Omar Carlier and Raphaëlle Nollez-Goldbach. Paris: Harmattan, 2008.

Elsadda, Hoda. "The New Man." In Gender, Nation, and the Arabic Novel Egypt, 1892–2008. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2012.

Jacob, Wilson Chacko. Working Out Egypt: Effendi Masculinity and Subject Formation in Colonial Modernity, 1870-1940. Durham: Duke University Press, 2011.

Kholoussy, Hanan. "The Grooming of Men." In For Better, For Worse: The Marriage Crisis that Made Modern Egypt. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010.

MacMaster, Neil. Burning the veil: The Algerian war and the 'emancipation' of Algerian women, 1954-62. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2012.

McDougall, James. History and the Culture of Nationalism in Algeria. New York: Cambridge University Press 2006.

Vince, Natalya. "Embodying the Nation." In Our Fighting Sisters: Nation, Memory, and Gender in Algeria, 1954-2012. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015.

Katherine Wiley, “Fashioning People, Crafting Networks: Multiple Meanings in the Mauritanian Veil (Malahfa)” in Karen Tranberg Hansen and D. Soyini Madison (eds.), African Dress: Fashion, Agency, Performance (2013), pp. 77-91.


Unknown said…
This was absolutely fascinating. Thanks to all involved for sharing her knowledge. I want to learn more.

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